As a part of the overall preparedness of the state, the Government
of Maharashtra has a State Disaster Management Action Plan to support and strengthen
the efforts of the district administration. In this context, every district
has evolved it's own District Disaster Management Action Plan (DDMAP). It is
expected that these multi-hazard response plans would increase the effectiveness
of administrative intervention.
Multi-disaster Response Plan
The DDMAP addresses the districts’ response to disaster situations
such as earthquakes, floods, cyclones, epidemics, off-site industrial disasters
and roads accidents and fires. Some of these disasters such as floods and earthquakes
affect large areas causing extensive damage to life, property and environment
while others such as epidemics only affect large populations. In any case, the
management of these disasters requires extensive resources and manpower for
containment by remedial action.
The present plan is a multi-hazard response plan for the disasters
and outlines the institutional framework required for managing such situations.
However, the plan assumes a disaster specific form in terms of the actions to
be taken by the various agencies involved in the disaster. The front-end or
local level of any disaster response organisation will differ depending upon
the type of disaster, but at the level of the back-end i.e., at the controlling
level at the district it will almost remain same, for all types of disasters.
The objectives of the District Disaster Management
Action Plan are :
To improve preparedness at the district level,
through risk and vulnerability analysis , to disasters and to minimise the
impact of disasters in terms of human, physical and material loss.
To ascertain the status of existing resources and facilities
available with the various agencies involved in the management of disasters
in the district and make it an exercise in capability building of district
administration. This enables the district to face a disaster in a more effective
way and builds confidence across different segments of society. It will
be a positive factor for long term development of the district.
To utilise different aspects of disaster mitigation for development
planning as a tool for location and area specific planning for development
in the district.
To use scientific and technological advances in Remote Sensing,
GIS etc. in preparation of this plan with a view to ensure their continuous
use for development planning.
To develop a framework for proper documentation of future
disasters in the district, to have an update on critical information essential
to a plan, to critically analyse and appraise responses and to recommend
To evolve DDMAP as an effective managerial tool within the
overall policy framework of Government of Maharashtra.
Response to disasters, in the absence of a defined plan, would
be arbitrary leading to overemphasis of some actions and absence of other actions
which could be critical. The objectives of any disaster management plan should
be to localise a disaster and to the maximum extent possible contain it so as
to minimise the impact on life, the environment and property. A formal plan
for managing disasters is therefore necessary. This would include
a. pre-planning a proper sequence of response actions,
b. allocation of responsibilities to the participating agencies,
c. developing codes and standard operating procedures for various
departments and relief agencies involved.
d. inventory of existing facilities and resources
e. mechanisms for effective management of resources
f. co-ordination of all relief activities including those of NGOs
to ensure a coordinated and effective response.
g. Co-ordination with the State response machinery for appropriate
h. Monitoring and evaluation of actions taken during relief and
"Outline of Vulnerability Assessment" prepared by CSSD/EMC
has been used as the basic instrument to collate district level information
to meet the database requirements for the preparation of DDMAP.
The underlying policy of the DDMAP is to protect life, environment
and property while ensuring mitigation of the disaster to the maximum extent
possible, relief to those affected and restoration of normalcy at the earliest.
Essentially, communities draw their support from the social institutions,
administrative structure, and values and aspirations they cherish. Disasters
may temporarily disorganise the social units and the administrative system and
disrupt their lives built around these values and aspirations. A systematic
effort to put back the social life on its normal course with necessary technology
support and resources will contribute significantly to the resilience of the
community and nation.
This policy forms the basis of the DDMAP strategy. It aims at capacity
building and prompt utilization of resources in a disaster situation through
a partnership of the GOM, NGOs, Private Initiatives and the community. In pursuance
with this policy, DDMAP addresses itself to strengthening the pre-disaster and
post-disaster responses of various actors and stakeholders including the “victims”
of the disaster.
OVERVIEW OF DHULE DISTRICT
Dhule district is located in Northern part of
the Maharashtra State spread between Lattitude 20° 38’ to 22°
03’ N and Longitude 73° 47’ to 75° 11’ E.
It is located at the crossing of two National Highways namely
Mumbai - Agra National Highway No.3 and Surat - Nagpur (Calcutta) National
Dhule town is the headquarters of the district and is located
about 340 km. NE of Mumbai and about 350 km. North of Pune.
The district is bounded by Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh States
in the North, by Nashik district in the West and by Jalgaon district in
Area And Administrative Divisions
Dhule district is having an area of 14380.00 sq.kms.
The Administrative Divisions of the Dhule district are as below,
Talukas under the Sub-Division
No.of villages in the Taluka
Salient Phisical Features And Land Use Patterns
Dhule district is having two major River-Basins namely, Tapi
and Narmada River basins.
The district is bounded on the North side by Satpuda hill ranges.
Toranmal pleatue forms the table land between the spilliting of the Satpuda
hills towards West.
The height varies between 300 to 600 m. above M.S.L.
In Dhule district the soil predominantly shows alluvial & Loamy nature.
Land Use Patterns
General land use pattern of the district is as below :
Land Use Category
Area in Sq. km.
Drought Prone Areas
Geology And Geomorphology
The general Geological Succession of the district is as below,
Vesicular Amygodoidal Basalt
Few dykes are present in the district. The density of the dykes
increases towards North.
As discussed above Dhule district is having two major River-Basins
namely, Tapi and Narmada Rivern Basins.
The district is bounded on the North side by Satpuda hill ranges.
Toranmal pleatue forms the table and between the spilliting of the Satpuda hills
towards West. The height varies between 300 to 600 m. above M.S.L.
Northern portion of the district is hilly terrain, however Southern
portain is having plain terrain having some hills and hillocks.
Climate And Rainfall
Climate of the district is Hot and dry.
Centigrade - Maximum 45 °C
The rainfall statistics for Dhule district are as follows :
Total Annual Rainfall
In the district during the months of July, August and September
the maximum rainfall occurs and during the months of July and August continuous
In the urban area of the district 50 to 75% population is Agriculturalists
and Agricultural labours, where as in the rural area more than 95% population
is Agriculturalists and Agricultural labours.
Due to drought conditions of the district and absence of major
industrial growth, most of the agricultural labours are migrating in nearby
districts and states like Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, generally in the months
of October to March in the year.
The chief economic activity as of to-day is mainly agriculture.
Few small scale industries like Sugarcane, oil, groundnut crushing, dall-mill
etc. are present. The economic clesses can be differenciate as agricultural
class and non-agricultural class.
Urban Locations in Dhule district
Name of the Urban Centre
Population Density per sq.km
Major Occupational Patterns
Agriculturist - 50%
Govt. Employees - 25%
Industrial Employees - 05%
Business & other - 20%
Economic , Social , Educational And Occupational Profile
Of The Population
In the urban area of the district 50 - 70 % population is Agriculturist
& Agricultural labours , whereas in the rural area more than 95 % population
is Agriculturist & Agricultural labours.
Due to drought conditions of the district & absence of major
industrial growth most of the agricultural labours are migrating in the nearby
districts and states like Gujarat & Madhyapradesh in the month of October
to March in the year.
The economical activity as today is mainly agriculture. Few small
scale industries like Sugarcane , Oil , Groundnut crushing , Dal mill etc. are
present.The economical classes can be differentiated as agricultural and nonagricultural
Overall 80% of the population of Dhule district depends on agriculture.
Major crops grown in the district are groundnut , cotton , sugarcane , wheat
, pulses ( like gram , mug , udid) , chilly , jawar , Bajara .
Total geographical area of the district is 14,380 sq.km , consisting
of 4.67% of the total area of the state.
Areawise Sakri is the largest Tahsil covering an area of 2450 sq.km
followed by Shirpur with an area of 2002.3 sq.km while Taloda is the smallest
Tahsil with an area of 355.2 sq.km .
Total land of the district can be differentiated according to Land
Use pattern as below ,
794 sq. km
6264 sq. km
7 sq. km
2798 sq. km.
940 sq. km
Drought Prone Area
4269 sq. km
According to 1991 census the total population of the district
is 25,35,715 which is 3.2 % of the total population of the state.
The population living in rural areas constitutes 78.83 % while
that in urban areas accounts for the remaining 27.17 %.
Dhule Tahsil is most densely populated ( 310 person/ sq.km) followed
by Taloda (276 person/sq.km) while Sakri Tahsil has the lowest density (111
SC and ST / NT / DT population accounts for 17.1 % & 56.9 %
Population of landless is 13.4 %.
The population living below poverty line is 77 %.
The literacy rate in the district is 51.24 %.
There are in all 2040 primary schools , 449 secondary schools ,
162 higher secondary & 33 colleges in Dhule district.
Number of students are 5,60,106. Out of which 46.36 % in primary
, 46.5 %, in secondary & 6.98 % in higher secondary.
District is considered as a centre of education for the Khandesh
region with flourishing Institutes of all types like Medical Colleges , Arts
- Science and Commerce Colleges , Homeopathic & Ayurvedic Colleges , Pharmacy
Disaster Specific Proneness
Dhule district has witnessed both floods & drought conditions.
The intensity & frequency of floods have dwindled over the years , may be
due to decreasing amount of rainfall & construction of minor & medium
Floods in the district reported from places near the banks of Tapi
, Gomai , Panzara , Kan & Burai rivers spread over Dhule , Sakri , Sindkheda
, Shahada & Shirpur talukas.
In all about 170 villages have been identified which are prone
to floods every year.
There are in all 12 monitoring stations.
To combat flood havoc , the governmental machinery is pressed in
to action before the onset of monsoon. A monitoring cell starts functioning
round the clock to take the stock of the situation & guide-lines are issued
by the Headquarter wherever & whenever warranted.
Another disaster that needs tobe addressed & readdressed
is Road Accidents.
Dhule district has two highways crossing &
passing through the district.
I) Surat - Nagpur National Highway NH6 - 140 kms.
II) Mumbai - Agra National Highway NH3 - 90 kms.
Apart from this , there is narrow network of roads reaching almost
to every village , & due to surface communication there has been accumulating
stress on the roads due to increase in the vehicles plying every year.
District has about 1620 villages & identified recurrent accident
spots have been totalled to about 170 villages. This sends signal that little
over 10 % of the villages in the district is accident prone , which is not encouraging.
Road accidents occurs due to negligence , over enthusiasm amongst
youths , under the influence of alcohol & many others , including unmaintained
& overloaded vehicles.
Epidemics And Malnutrition:
Sporadic outbreak of water born diseases - known and unknown -
during rainy season, certain diseases that flourish during pre-summer season
due to mosquitoes is well-known in this district, has lead to epidemic proportion.
Though epidemics are controlled by proper government departments, there is still
enough room to combat such disasters
Dhule district has over 80 PHCs spread over the district. The statistics
collected for outbreak of epidemics for gastro, cholera, dysentry, malaria,
pneumonia, jaundice, diarrhoea diseases shows that 150 villages are prone to
epidemics which represents nearly 10% of the total villages.
It is also observed that 23 PHCs shows outbreak of diseases in
its jurisdiction (about 30%) suggesting that there is ample scope to revamp
the PHCs to combat and make them ready to deal with the epidemics.
The district has Medical facilities like PHC , over 80, sub-centres
436 , Medical Colleges 02 , General Hospitals 01 , Rural Hospitals 08 , Cottage
Hospitals 03 , Mobile Units 11 , Anganwadies 1607.
However the facilities are insufficient considering the terrain.
It, therefore, requires upgradation in terms of mobility, communication and
Help should be taken from the NGOs and other voluntary organisations,
NSS units of colleges, Scout & Guides of schools, NCC units of school &
It is observed that the number of children classified as undernourished
as on Feb. 1997 are more in Akkalkuwa , Shahada ,Sakri & Taloda talukas.The
aproximate number of malnutrition in the district is as below -
No. of Children
Due to superstitious & religious belief , the population in
the northern part of the district , who are mainly Adivasi (Tribal ) , are reluctant
to take the advantage of the available Medical facilities .
During epidemics the administration forcefully
administer the medicines & Medical facilities to this class of population.
Chemical And Industrial Accidents
Dhule district has identified two industrial zones , MIDC at Dhule
& Co-operative industrial estate at Shahada.
It is proposed to have 8 mini industrial estates tobe set up. It
is also proposed to have medium industries which are agro-based , particle board
, sugar , starch & cotton etc. to be set up in this district.
The present industries are mainly small scale which are agro -based
, oil extraction , engineering , plastic & electrical based industries.
In other Talukas small scale independent industries are saw-mill
, oil mill ,ice-factories , natural gas cylinders godowns , cotton industries
& its allied products.
In all cases occupational accidents have been reported. The safety
models used by these industries need tobe checked & updated periodically.
The raw material in the form of gases like Ammonia & Hexane
used for ice making & in oil industries are stored withinthe premises. The
storage capacity is not more than 400 kg on an average & the extent of damage
is limited to premise area only.
These industries have reported to have emergency control arrangements
like overhead water tanks, firex equipments to meet any eventuality.
Though there are occupational accidents , there is a greater need
to go into the working of these industries & there safety measures.
Fire may be natural reported as forest fires & man made. The
man made fire is known to be caused by short-circuits & by latern fire.
Reports of fires of medium magnitude are reported from many talukas
in the district.
An average of 30 / 40 fire incidents occur every year. The accidents
of fire are more in the huts , specially in the summer season due to blowing
All the 7 Municipal Councils are equipped with fire fighting units.
Which are insufficient looking the area of the district. So it is necessary
that all the major rural centres should be provided with fire fighting units,
as well as separate fire fighting unit should be provided to each division of
forest office in the district.
The cinema houses the district have inadequate measures to combat
accidents, it is therefore suggested to redefine the minimum standards set to
start this entertainment media, by the Government.
Thought should be given to the number of “Exit” points
that should be proportional to the number of seating capacity so that exit can
be effective in the specified time frame.
Continuous monitoring of the electrical installation at industrial
and commercial complexes, places of public ceremonies and residential areas
by concerned authorities should be made mandatory.
Dilapidated houses and those vulnerable to collapse should be listed
and given proper treatment to avoid disaster.