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B-Ward plan

District - Dhule

Introduction

As a part of the overall preparedness of the state, the Government of Maharashtra has a State Disaster Management Action Plan to support and strengthen the efforts of the district administration. In this context, every district has evolved it's own District Disaster Management Action Plan (DDMAP). It is expected that these multi-hazard response plans would increase the effectiveness of administrative intervention.

Multi-disaster Response Plan

The DDMAP addresses the districts’ response to disaster situations such as earthquakes, floods, cyclones, epidemics, off-site industrial disasters and roads accidents and fires. Some of these disasters such as floods and earthquakes affect large areas causing extensive damage to life, property and environment while others such as epidemics only affect large populations. In any case, the management of these disasters requires extensive resources and manpower for containment by remedial action.

The present plan is a multi-hazard response plan for the disasters and outlines the institutional framework required for managing such situations. However, the plan assumes a disaster specific form in terms of the actions to be taken by the various agencies involved in the disaster. The front-end or local level of any disaster response organisation will differ depending upon the type of disaster, but at the level of the back-end i.e., at the controlling level at the district it will almost remain same, for all types of disasters.

Objectives

The objectives of the District Disaster Management Action Plan are :

To improve preparedness at the district level, through risk and vulnerability analysis , to disasters and to minimise the impact of disasters in terms of human, physical and material loss.
To ascertain the status of existing resources and facilities available with the various agencies involved in the management of disasters in the district and make it an exercise in capability building of district administration. This enables the district to face a disaster in a more effective way and builds confidence across different segments of society. It will be a positive factor for long term development of the district.
To utilise different aspects of disaster mitigation for development planning as a tool for location and area specific planning for development in the district.
To use scientific and technological advances in Remote Sensing, GIS etc. in preparation of this plan with a view to ensure their continuous use for development planning.
To develop a framework for proper documentation of future disasters in the district, to have an update on critical information essential to a plan, to critically analyse and appraise responses and to recommend appropriate strategies.
To evolve DDMAP as an effective managerial tool within the overall policy framework of Government of Maharashtra.

 

Response to disasters, in the absence of a defined plan, would be arbitrary leading to overemphasis of some actions and absence of other actions which could be critical. The objectives of any disaster management plan should be to localise a disaster and to the maximum extent possible contain it so as to minimise the impact on life, the environment and property. A formal plan for managing disasters is therefore necessary. This would include

a. pre-planning a proper sequence of response actions,

b. allocation of responsibilities to the participating agencies,

c. developing codes and standard operating procedures for various departments and relief agencies involved.

d. inventory of existing facilities and resources

e. mechanisms for effective management of resources

f. co-ordination of all relief activities including those of NGOs to ensure a coordinated and effective response.

g. Co-ordination with the State response machinery for appropriate support

h. Monitoring and evaluation of actions taken during relief and rehabilitation

"Outline of Vulnerability Assessment" prepared by CSSD/EMC has been used as the basic instrument to collate district level information to meet the database requirements for the preparation of DDMAP.

Policy Statement

The underlying policy of the DDMAP is to protect life, environment and property while ensuring mitigation of the disaster to the maximum extent possible, relief to those affected and restoration of normalcy at the earliest.

Essentially, communities draw their support from the social institutions, administrative structure, and values and aspirations they cherish. Disasters may temporarily disorganise the social units and the administrative system and disrupt their lives built around these values and aspirations. A systematic effort to put back the social life on its normal course with necessary technology support and resources will contribute significantly to the resilience of the community and nation.

This policy forms the basis of the DDMAP strategy. It aims at capacity building and prompt utilization of resources in a disaster situation through a partnership of the GOM, NGOs, Private Initiatives and the community. In pursuance with this policy, DDMAP addresses itself to strengthening the pre-disaster and post-disaster responses of various actors and stakeholders including the “victims” of the disaster.

 

OVERVIEW OF DHULE DISTRICT

Location

Dhule district is located in Northern part of the Maharashtra State spread between Lattitude 20° 38’ to 22° 03’ N and Longitude 73° 47’ to 75° 11’ E.
It is located at the crossing of two National Highways namely Mumbai - Agra National Highway No.3 and Surat - Nagpur (Calcutta) National Highway No.6.
Dhule town is the headquarters of the district and is located about 340 km. NE of Mumbai and about 350 km. North of Pune.
The district is bounded by Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh States in the North, by Nashik district in the West and by Jalgaon district in the East.

Area And Administrative Divisions

Dhule district is having an area of 14380.00 sq.kms.

The Administrative Divisions of the Dhule district are as below,

Sub-Division Talukas under the Sub-Division No.of villages in the Taluka
Dhule Dhule
Sindkheda
Shirpur
165
143
149
Nandurbar Nandurbar
Navapur
Sakri
152
153
212
Taloda

Taloda
ShahadaAkkalkuwa
iv)Akrani

92
184
186
163


 

Salient Phisical Features And Land Use Patterns

Dhule district is having two major River-Basins namely, Tapi and Narmada River basins.
The district is bounded on the North side by Satpuda hill ranges.
Toranmal pleatue forms the table land between the spilliting of the Satpuda hills towards West.
The height varies between 300 to 600 m. above M.S.L.
In Dhule district the soil predominantly shows alluvial & Loamy nature.

Land Use Patterns

General land use pattern of the district is as below :

Land Use Category Area in Sq. km.
Inhibitated Area 794 sq.km
Agricultural Area 6264 sq.km.
Industrial Area 7 sq.km
Forest Cover 2798 sq.km
Wasteland 940 sq.km
Drought Prone Areas 4269 sq.km

 

Geology And Geomorphology

The general Geological Succession of the district is as below,

                Alluvium/Soil

                Vesicular Amygodoidal Basalt

                Massive Basalt.

Few dykes are present in the district. The density of the dykes increases towards North.

As discussed above Dhule district is having two major River-Basins namely, Tapi and Narmada Rivern Basins.

The district is bounded on the North side by Satpuda hill ranges. Toranmal pleatue forms the table and between the spilliting of the Satpuda hills towards West. The height varies between 300 to 600 m. above M.S.L.

Northern portion of the district is hilly terrain, however Southern portain is having plain terrain having some hills and hillocks.

Climate And Rainfall

Climate of the district is Hot and dry.

        Temperature in Centigrade - Maximum 45 °C
                                                            Minimum 06 °C.

The rainfall statistics for Dhule district are as follows :

Total Annual Rainfall 736.8 mm.
Average Rainfall 771.0 mm.
Maximum Rainfall 953.4 mm.

In the district during the months of July, August and September the maximum rainfall occurs and during the months of July and August continuous rainfall occurs.



Socio-Economic Features

In the urban area of the district 50 to 75% population is Agriculturalists and Agricultural labours, where as in the rural area more than 95% population is Agriculturalists and Agricultural labours.

Due to drought conditions of the district and absence of major industrial growth, most of the agricultural labours are migrating in nearby districts and states like Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, generally in the months of October to March in the year.

The chief economic activity as of to-day is mainly agriculture. Few small scale industries like Sugarcane, oil, groundnut crushing, dall-mill etc. are present. The economic clesses can be differenciate as agricultural class and non-agricultural class.

Urban Locations in Dhule district

Name of the Urban Centre Population Population Density per sq.km Major Occupational Patterns
Dhule 2,78,317
5990 Agriculturist - 50%
Govt. Employees - 25%
Industrial Employees - 05%
Business & other - 20%
Shirpur 44,246 14990
Agriculture - 25%
Traders - 50%
Others - 40%
Shahada
31,890 15709
Agriculturist - 70%
Traders - 50%
Businessmen & Others - 20%
Nandurbar
78,378 2495 Traders - 50%
Agriculturist - 10%
Industrial Employees - 20%
Businessmen & Others - 20%
Navapur
23,958 1652 Industrial Employees - 20%
Agriculturist - 20%
Businessmen & Others - 40%
Traders - 20%
Taloda 21,700
8680 Agriculturist > 50%
Agricultural Employees - 25%
Businessmen & Others - 25%
Dondaicha 33,641
14,254
Agriculturist - 75%
Industrial Employees - 05%
Businessmen & Others - 20%

 

Major Rural Centres ( Population more than 10,000 ) in Dhule district

Name of the Rural Centre

Population Population Density Major Occupational Patterns ( % of total workers )
Kusumba 8,334 487 Agriculturist - 96 %
Industrial Employees - 04%
Songir 10,835 645 Agriculturist - 90%
Businessmen & Others - 10%
Kapadne 10,664 469 Agriculturist - 98%
Businessmen & Others - 02%
Fagane 8,245 555 Agriculturist - 96%
Businessmen & Others - 04%
Shindkheda 20,401 7080 Agriculturist - 97%
Businessmen & Others - 03%
Sakri 13,791 1424 Agriculturist - 90%
Businessmen & Others - 10%
Kasare 8,035 654 Agriculturist - 100%
Nizampur 29,889 1025 Agriculturist - 100%
Pimpalner 15,495 920 Agriculturist - 95%
Businessmen & others - 05%

Historical and Religious centres

Name of the Historical and Religious centre and nearest Urban or Major Rural centre listed above Periods of Festive Occasions , Months Estimated tourist or
visiting population.
Dhule April 20,000
Boris ( Dhule) February 25,000
Shirud ( Dhule) November 20,000
Kapadane February 25,000
Nyahalod ( Dhule) May 25,000
Ner (Kusumba) January 15,000
Mukti ( Fagane) December 10,000
Khandalay February 20,000
Laling ( Dhule) February 10,000
Patan ( Sindkheda) April 10,000
Sindkheda November 10,000
Vikhram July - November 10,000
Taloda May 15,000
Sarangkheda December 20,000
Prakashe December > 1,00.000
Nandurbar June - Octomber 1,00,000
Toranmal March 25,000
Asthamba Octomber/Novmber 15,000

 

Seasonal Migration

Purpose Area ( Specify Taluka ) Period (month) Estimated Population in/out migration
Sugarcane Cutting All parts of Dhule Taluka Oct.- April 15,000
Sugarcane Cutting Chimthana area Sindkheda area
Nov.- April
11,600
Sugarcane Cutting Hilly area of Shirpur Taluka
Nov.- May
4,000
Labour
Village area of Navapur Taluka
Oct.- April
7,586
Sugarcane Cutting
Shahada Taluka Gujarat State
Nov.- March
2,000
Sugarcane Cutting Nandurbar Taluka
Nov.- May 20,000
Sugarcane Cutting Sakri Taluka
Oct. - Nov 13,000
Sugarcane Cutting & Labour Taloda & Gujarat State
Oct. - Feb.
7,000
Labour
Akrani & Gujarat State
Oct.- Feb.
6,000
Sugarcane cutting & Labour
Akka;lkuwa & Gujarat State
Oct.-Feb.
6,000


Agricultural And Crop Pattern In The District

Types of Crop Name of Crop Cropping Period in Months Market ( District , State , Export )
Major Crops
( Irrigated )
Cotton,Sugarcane,Wheat,Gram , Groundnuts 5-6 months except Sugarcane District & State.
Major Crops
( Non-Irrigated)
Bajara ,Jawar, Groundnut 3-4 months District & State.
Major Cash Crops
Cotton & Sugarcane 5-6 months District & State.
Major Plantation
-- -- --

River Systems And Dams

Dhule district has following rivers alive only in mansoon season. These rivers forms the part of Narmada & Tapi basin.

Namada river , originating from Amarkantak of Madhya Pradesh & Tapi river , originating from ranges of Gavilgad of Maharashtra are the major rivers in the district.

The entire region of the district is drained by tributories of Narmada & Tapi rivers, which are as below,

Narmada River : Jharkal , Udai , Khai or Devnand , Sambar , Devganga.

Tapi River : Arunavati , Aner , Gomai , Vaki , Bori , Panzara , Kan , Burai , Amaravati , Madari , Bhad , Nagan.

 

Tahsil
Name of Dam
Location of the Dam Name of River/Nala
Capacity of Dam in million M3
Catchment
area sq.km
Target command sq.km
Estimated completion.
Sind-kheda
Amaravati
Malpur
Amaravati
27.18
341.76
27.09
4 years (1999-2000)
Shaha-da Dara Dara Waki 14.76 63.71
22.99
4 years (1999-2000)
Navapur Nagan
Bhardu
Nagan
25.15
89.35
24.86 4 years (1999-2000)
Sakri
Jamkhedi Nava-pada
Jamkhe-di Nala 14.45
90.91 27.50
(1999-2000)
Nandubar
Shivan
Vir-check
Shivan
15.32

129.50
Free 59.72

26.70
6 years (2000-2002)
Sakri Burai
Phopha-de
Burai 21.33
314.40
Free 298.7
27.61
--
Sakri Sakri Akkal-pada
Panzara
107.29
1246
Free 777.77
61.91
2001- 2002.
Sind-kheda
Sulwade
Sulwade
Tapi
65.06
52149 Free 3645
75.60
2005
Navapur
Kordi
Palshi-pada Kordi Nala
11.49 43.50
26.13
4 years (1999-2000)
Shaha-da Gomai
Jam
Gomai
28.104
112.95
44.84
2001
Shirpur
Aner
Ganpur
Aner
99.60
1239 71.80
--

Power Stations And Electricity Installations

There are no power generating stations in the district.

In all ten major power supply stations & four substations are present in the district.

Industries

There are many small & medium industries set up under M.I.D.C. & Co-operative sector at Dhule , Shirpur , Nandurbar , Dondaicha , Shahada & Sakri.

These industries are Agro-based , Engineering , Plastic , Oil , Sugarcane & Allied by-product such as Cotton yarn etc.Other information about industries is as below,

Number of Industrial Estates Two ( Dhule , Shahada )
Types of Industries
Agro based, Engineering, Plastic & Electrical based industries
Total work force in the industries 350
Number of chemical industries / Tank farms
Nil
Number of pipelines carrying chemicals
Nil
Number of potentially hazardous locations Nil
Number of vehicles carrying hazardous raw material for industries (during a month)
Nil
Number of vehicles carrying hazardous finished products from industries ( during a month) N.A.
Number of vehicles passing through the district carrying hazardous material for industries ( during a month)
556
Number of container terminals
Nil

 

Extent of Industrialisation (II) :

Number of Industrial Estates
M.I.D.C. Industrial Area Dhule
Total workforce in industries 300
Number of chemical industries / Tank farms
Nil
Number of vehicles carrying hazardous raw material for industries (during a month)
Nil
Number of vehicles carrying hazardous finished products from industries ( during a month) Nil
Number of vehicles carrying hazardous raw material for industries (during a month)
Nil
Number of vehicles carrying hazardous finished products from industries ( during a month) N.A.
Number of vehicles passing through the district carrying hazardous material for industries ( during a month)
556
Number of container terminals
Nil

Name of the Industrial Estate - Udyog Nagar Sahkari Sanstha

Location in the form of address - Malegaon Road , Dhule.

No. of Major Industries in the Estate
15
No. of Major Hazardous & Polluting Industries.
Nil
Total workforce in Industries 340

Name of the Industrial Estate - II)Shahada Audyogik Sahkari Vasahat Ltd. Shahada

Location in the form of address - Shahada

No. of Major Industries in the Estate
02
No. of Major Hazardous & Polluting Industries Nil
Total workforce in Industries
10

Name of the Industrial Estate - III) Additional M.I.D.C. Area ,

Location in the form of address - Avdhan , P.O. Laling , Tal. Dhule.

No. of Major Industries in the Estate
80
No. of Major Hazardous & Polluting Industries Nil
Total workforce in Industries
800

 

Transport And Communication Network

Transport Network

Railway network is not a very widespread throughout the district.

Dhule is connected to Chalisgaon with Passenger Local .

Nandurbar is the major station on Ahmedabad - Howara line. Khandbara, Dondaicha, Sindkheda & Nardana are the towns connected by railway.

There is in all 133 Kms of total railway network.

There are 8 major & 37 minor Railway bridges & 01 unmanned railway crossing.

There are 06 Railway stations with mail & express halts.

All the towns & villages, except few villages in northern tribal part, are well connected by road network .

The Dhule district has two National Highways NH3 & NH6 & 12 State Highways passing through it.

The length of NH3 is 149 Kms. & NH6 is 19 Kms.

Lenth of State Highways is 1353.74 Kms. while Zilla Parishad roads are 161.56 Kms.

There are 77 bridges on river in the district.

Total number of ST Depot are 10.

There are in all 05 villages which are not accesible by bus.

Number of Airports is 01 located at Gondur 05 Kms away from Dhule city.

Communication

There are in all 451 post offices & 41 Telegraph offices in the district.

Doordarshan Transmission Centres are installed at Dhule , Navapur & Nandurbar.

Cable dish antenna services are also available in urban & rural area.

All India Radio ( AIR) FM Band Centre is located at Dhule

 

Proposed Development

Afforestation

Place / Division
New Afforestation sq. Kms.
New Area declared as reserved forest/Sanctuary sq. Km
Dhule 1997-98 - 139
1998-99 - 124
1999-2000 - 84
2000-2001 - 83.73
2001-2002 - 83.75
Nil

Construction of new dams undertaken / proposed -

Tahsil
Name of Dam Location of the Dam
Name of River/Nala
Capacity of Dam in million M3
Catchment area sq.km
Target command sq.km Estimated completion.
Sind-kheda Amara-vati Malpur
Amaravati
27.18
341.76
27.09
4 years (1999-2000)
Shaha-da Dara
Dara
Waki 14.76
63.71
22.99
4 years (1999-2000)
Nava-pur Nagan
Bhardu
Nagan 25.15
89.35
24.86
4 years (1999-2000)
Nava-our Kordi
Palsi-pada
Kordi Nala
11.49 43.50
26.13
4 years (1999-2000)
Sakri
Jamkhe-di Nava-pada
Jamkhe-di Nala 14.45
90.91
27.50
(1999-2000)
Nandu-bar Shivan
Vir-check
Shivan
15.32
129.50 Free 59.72
26.70
6 years (2000-2002)
Sakri
Burai
Phopha-de
Burai
21.33
314.40 Free 298.7 27.61 --
Sakri
Lower Panzara
Akkal-pada
Panzara
107.29
1246 Free 777.8 61.91
2001- 2002
Sind-kheda Sulwade Barrage Sulwade
Tapi
65.06
-- -- --
Shahda Gomai
Jam Gomai
28.104
112.95
44.84
2001
Shirpur
Aner
Ganpur
Aner 99.60
1239
71.80 --

New Industrial Estates ( Undertaken / Proposed )

Name of the Industrial Estate
Location of the Industrial Estate Nearest Urban/Major rural centre
Nandurbar Co-op. Industral Estate Ltd. Nandurbar Nandurbar
Dondaicha Co-op. Industrial Estate Ltd. Dondaicha Dondaicha
Navnirman Co-op. Industrial Estate Ltd. Sindkheda Sindkheda/ Shirpur

 

Large Industrial Set-up or proposed.

Name of the Industries Location of the Industries
Type of Industries
1) Satpuda Tapi Parisar S.S.K. Shahada
Agrobased (Sugar)
2) Panzara Kan S.S.K. Sakri
Agrobased (Sugar)
3) Sanjay Shetkari S.S.K. Navalnagar, Dhule
Agrobased (Sugar)
4) Shetkari S.S.K. Shirpur
Agrobased (Sugar)
5) Sindkheda S.S.K. Sindkheda
Agrobased (Soot)
6) Jawahar Shetkari Sahkari Soot Girani Dhule Agrobased (Soot)
7) Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan Sahkari Soot Girani Dhule Agrobased (Soot)
8) Bharat Taneries Sahkari Karkhana Ltd. Dhule
Animal based
9) Satpuda Tapi Parisar S.S.K.Ltd. Shahda Chemical Based
10) Satpuda Tapi Parisar S.S.K.Ltd. Shahda Forest (Paper)
11) Satpuda Tapi Parisar S.S.K.Ltd. Shahda Chemical
12) Satish Solvant Extraction P.L.
Dhule Agro ( Oil )
13) Satish Solvant Extraction P.L.
Dhule Agro ( Cattle Food )
14) M.S. Sah. Oil Seed Mfg. Federation Shahda
Agro ( Oil )
15) Revati Investment and Traders P.L. Shahda
Agro ( Ice and Co2)
16) Satpuda Tapi Parisar S.S.K. Ltd. Shahda
Agro(Ethyl Alcohol)
17) Shakti Steel Ltd.
Shahda
Engineering
18) Murali Paper Mills Ltd.
Shahda
Agro(Croft Paper)
19) Universal Starch Chem Allied Ltd. Dondaicha
Agro ( Starch )
20) Dissan Industrial Gases And Chem. P.L. Dhule Agro( Solvant Extraction)
21) Satpuda Tapi Parisar S.S.K. Ltd. Shahda
Agro(Particle Board)
22) Dhule Textile Mill
Dhule
Agro (Close )
23) Maharashtra Oil Industries Dhule Agro( Oil & Cake)
24)Maharashtra Vegitable Products Dhule Agro( Ghee)
25) Continental Paper Ltd. Karvand Shirpur
Agro(Paper)
26) Swojas Energy Foods Ltd Dhule
Agro (Mils & Allied Products)
27) Indira Extraction P.L. Haveli Nandurbar
Agro(Oil & Soyabin)

List of Proposed Large Industries

Name of the Industries Location Types of Industries

1) Shetkari Sahkari Soot Girani Ltd.

Nagoan Agro ( Soot)
2) Jawahar Shetkari Sahkari Particle Board Gartad
Agro ( Particle Board)
3) Jaikisan Makka Utpadak Sah. Mfg. Mrkt. Federation Ltd. Dhule
Agro ( Corn )
4) Pushpadanteshwar S.S.K. Ltd. Shahda
Agro (Sugar)
5) Priyadarshini Sah. Soot Girani Ltd Shirpur
Agro ( Soot)
6) Kothari Chemicals & Solvants Dondaicha
Agro ( Chem )
7) Kisan Sah. Starch Mfg.Society Dhule Agro (Oil, Glucose,Starch)

 

Proposed Co-op. Industrial Estates

Name of the Estate
Type Location Nearest Urban Centre
1) Nardana, Tal Sindkheda
Growth Centre
Nardana
Dhule
2) Kothade , Tal. Navapur
Mini Kothade
Navapur
3) Amlad , Tal. Taloda
Mini Amlad
Taloda
4) Mohide , Tal. Shahda
Mini Mohide
Shahda
5) Amode, Tal. Shahda
Mini Amode
Shahda
6) Sakri
Mini Sakri
--
7) Akkalkuwa
Mini Akkalkuwa
--
8) Roshmal , Tal. Akrani
Mini Roshmal
--

 

RISK ASSESSMENT AND VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS

 

Economic , Social , Educational And Occupational Profile Of The Population

In the urban area of the district 50 - 70 % population is Agriculturist & Agricultural labours , whereas in the rural area more than 95 % population is Agriculturist & Agricultural labours.

Due to drought conditions of the district & absence of major industrial growth most of the agricultural labours are migrating in the nearby districts and states like Gujarat & Madhyapradesh in the month of October to March in the year.

The economical activity as today is mainly agriculture. Few small scale industries like Sugarcane , Oil , Groundnut crushing , Dal mill etc. are present.The economical classes can be differentiated as agricultural and nonagricultural class.

Overall 80% of the population of Dhule district depends on agriculture. Major crops grown in the district are groundnut , cotton , sugarcane , wheat , pulses ( like gram , mug , udid) , chilly , jawar , Bajara .

Total geographical area of the district is 14,380 sq.km , consisting of 4.67% of the total area of the state.

Areawise Sakri is the largest Tahsil covering an area of 2450 sq.km followed by Shirpur with an area of 2002.3 sq.km while Taloda is the smallest Tahsil with an area of 355.2 sq.km .

 

Total land of the district can be differentiated according to Land Use pattern as below ,

Inhabitated Area 794 sq. km
Agricultural Area 6264 sq. km
Industrial Area 7 sq. km
Forest Cover 2798 sq. km.
Waste Land 940 sq. km
Drought Prone Area 4269 sq. km

According to 1991 census the total population of the district is 25,35,715 which is 3.2 % of the total population of the state.

The population living in rural areas constitutes 78.83 % while that in urban areas accounts for the remaining 27.17 %.

Dhule Tahsil is most densely populated ( 310 person/ sq.km) followed by Taloda (276 person/sq.km) while Sakri Tahsil has the lowest density (111 person/sq.km).

SC and ST / NT / DT population accounts for 17.1 % & 56.9 %

Population of landless is 13.4 %.

The population living below poverty line is 77 %.

The literacy rate in the district is 51.24 %.

There are in all 2040 primary schools , 449 secondary schools , 162 higher secondary & 33 colleges in Dhule district.

Number of students are 5,60,106. Out of which 46.36 % in primary , 46.5 %, in secondary & 6.98 % in higher secondary.

District is considered as a centre of education for the Khandesh region with flourishing Institutes of all types like Medical Colleges , Arts - Science and Commerce Colleges , Homeopathic & Ayurvedic Colleges , Pharmacy College etc.

 

Disaster Specific Proneness

Flood

Dhule district has witnessed both floods & drought conditions. The intensity & frequency of floods have dwindled over the years , may be due to decreasing amount of rainfall & construction of minor & medium dams.

Floods in the district reported from places near the banks of Tapi , Gomai , Panzara , Kan & Burai rivers spread over Dhule , Sakri , Sindkheda , Shahada & Shirpur talukas.

In all about 170 villages have been identified which are prone to floods every year.

There are in all 12 monitoring stations.

To combat flood havoc , the governmental machinery is pressed in to action before the onset of monsoon. A monitoring cell starts functioning round the clock to take the stock of the situation & guide-lines are issued by the Headquarter wherever & whenever warranted.

Road Accidents

Another disaster that needs tobe addressed & readdressed is Road Accidents.

Dhule district has two highways crossing & passing through the district.

I) Surat - Nagpur National Highway NH6 - 140 kms.

II) Mumbai - Agra National Highway NH3 - 90 kms.

 

Apart from this , there is narrow network of roads reaching almost to every village , & due to surface communication there has been accumulating stress on the roads due to increase in the vehicles plying every year.

District has about 1620 villages & identified recurrent accident spots have been totalled to about 170 villages. This sends signal that little over 10 % of the villages in the district is accident prone , which is not encouraging.

Road accidents occurs due to negligence , over enthusiasm amongst youths , under the influence of alcohol & many others , including unmaintained & overloaded vehicles.

Epidemics And Malnutrition:

Epidemics

Sporadic outbreak of water born diseases - known and unknown - during rainy season, certain diseases that flourish during pre-summer season due to mosquitoes is well-known in this district, has lead to epidemic proportion. Though epidemics are controlled by proper government departments, there is still enough room to combat such disasters

Dhule district has over 80 PHCs spread over the district. The statistics collected for outbreak of epidemics for gastro, cholera, dysentry, malaria, pneumonia, jaundice, diarrhoea diseases shows that 150 villages are prone to epidemics which represents nearly 10% of the total villages.

It is also observed that 23 PHCs shows outbreak of diseases in its jurisdiction (about 30%) suggesting that there is ample scope to revamp the PHCs to combat and make them ready to deal with the epidemics.

The district has Medical facilities like PHC , over 80, sub-centres 436 , Medical Colleges 02 , General Hospitals 01 , Rural Hospitals 08 , Cottage Hospitals 03 , Mobile Units 11 , Anganwadies 1607.

However the facilities are insufficient considering the terrain. It, therefore, requires upgradation in terms of mobility, communication and awareness.

Help should be taken from the NGOs and other voluntary organisations, NSS units of colleges, Scout & Guides of schools, NCC units of school & colleges.

Malnutrition

It is observed that the number of children classified as undernourished as on Feb. 1997 are more in Akkalkuwa , Shahada ,Sakri & Taloda talukas.The aproximate number of malnutrition in the district is as below -

Sr.No.
Category No. of Children
1) General categary
53,000
2) Grade I
77,832
3) Grade II
53,541
4) Grade III
2,301
5) Grade IV
2,074

Due to superstitious & religious belief , the population in the northern part of the district , who are mainly Adivasi (Tribal ) , are reluctant to take the advantage of the available Medical facilities .

During epidemics the administration forcefully administer the medicines & Medical facilities to this class of population.

 

Chemical And Industrial Accidents

Dhule district has identified two industrial zones , MIDC at Dhule & Co-operative industrial estate at Shahada.

It is proposed to have 8 mini industrial estates tobe set up. It is also proposed to have medium industries which are agro-based , particle board , sugar , starch & cotton etc. to be set up in this district.

The present industries are mainly small scale which are agro -based , oil extraction , engineering , plastic & electrical based industries.

In other Talukas small scale independent industries are saw-mill , oil mill ,ice-factories , natural gas cylinders godowns , cotton industries & its allied products.

In all cases occupational accidents have been reported. The safety models used by these industries need tobe checked & updated periodically.

The raw material in the form of gases like Ammonia & Hexane used for ice making & in oil industries are stored withinthe premises. The storage capacity is not more than 400 kg on an average & the extent of damage is limited to premise area only.

These industries have reported to have emergency control arrangements like overhead water tanks, firex equipments to meet any eventuality.

Though there are occupational accidents , there is a greater need to go into the working of these industries & there safety measures.

Fire

Fire may be natural reported as forest fires & man made. The man made fire is known to be caused by short-circuits & by latern fire.

Reports of fires of medium magnitude are reported from many talukas in the district.

An average of 30 / 40 fire incidents occur every year. The accidents of fire are more in the huts , specially in the summer season due to blowing winds.

All the 7 Municipal Councils are equipped with fire fighting units. Which are insufficient looking the area of the district. So it is necessary that all the major rural centres should be provided with fire fighting units, as well as separate fire fighting unit should be provided to each division of forest office in the district.

The cinema houses the district have inadequate measures to combat accidents, it is therefore suggested to redefine the minimum standards set to start this entertainment media, by the Government.

Thought should be given to the number of “Exit” points that should be proportional to the number of seating capacity so that exit can be effective in the specified time frame.

Continuous monitoring of the electrical installation at industrial and commercial complexes, places of public ceremonies and residential areas by concerned authorities should be made mandatory.

Dilapidated houses and those vulnerable to collapse should be listed and given proper treatment to avoid disaster.

 

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