01/10/2014
Status Report
Government Resolutions
Post Disaster Rehabilitation
  Project Related Rehabilitation
  International (ECMWF)
  India
  Regional
 
IMD - Mumbai
 

District - Ratnagiri

Introduction

As a part of the overall preparedness of the state, the Government of Maharashtra has a State Disaster Management Action Plan to support and strengthen the efforts of the district administration. In this context, every district has evolved it's own District Disaster Management Action Plan (DDMAP). It is expected that these multi-hazard response plans would increase the effectiveness of administrative intervention.

Multi-disaster Response Plan

The DDMAP addresses the districts’ response to disaster situations such as earthquakes, floods, cyclones, epidemics,   off-site industrial disasters and roads accidents and fires. Some of these disasters such as floods and earthquakes affect large areas causing extensive damage to life, property and environment while others such as epidemics only affect large populations. In any case, the management of these disasters requires extensive resources and manpower for containment by remedial action.

The present  plan is a multi-hazard response plan for the  disasters and outlines the institutional framework required for managing such situations. However, the plan assumes a disaster specific form  in terms of  the actions to be taken by the various agencies involved in the disaster. The front-end or  local level of any disaster response organisation will differ  depending upon the  type of disaster, but at the level of the back-end i.e., at the controlling level at the district  it will almost remain same, for all types of disasters.

Objectives

The objectives of the District Disaster Management Action Plan are :

 To improve preparedness at the district level, through risk and vulnerability analysis , to disasters and to minimise the impact of disasters in terms of human, physical and material loss.

  To ascertain the status of existing resources and facilities available with the various agencies involved in the management of disasters  in the district  and make it an exercise in capability building of district administration. This enables the district to face a disaster in a more effective way and builds confidence across different segments of society. It will be a positive factor for long term development of the district.

  To utilise different aspects of disaster mitigation for development planning as a tool for location and area specific planning for development in the district.

  To use scientific and technological advances in Remote Sensing, GIS etc. in preparation of this plan with a view to ensure their continuous use for development planning.

  To develop a framework for proper documentation of future disasters in the district, to have an update on critical information essential to a plan, to critically analyse and appraise responses and to recommend appropriate strategies

  To evolve DDMAP as an effective managerial tool within the overall policy framework of Government of Maharashtra.

Response to disasters, in the absence of a defined plan,  would be arbitrary leading to overemphasis of some actions and  absence of other actions which could be critical. The objectives of any disaster management plan should be to localise a disaster and to the maximum extent possible contain it so as to minimise the impact on life, the environment and property. A formal plan for managing disasters is therefore necessary. This would include

 

a.      pre-planning a proper  sequence  of  response actions,

b.      allocation of responsibilities to the participating agencies,

c.      developing codes and standard operating procedures for various departments and relief agencies involved.

d.      inventory of existing facilities and resources

e.      mechanisms for effective management of resources

f.        co-ordination of all relief activities including those of NGOs to ensure a coordinated and effective response.

g.      Co-ordination with the State response machinery for appropriate support

h.      Monitoring and evaluation of actions taken during relief and rehabilitation

"Outline of Vulnerability Assessment" prepared by CSSD/EMC has been used as the basic instrument to collate district level information to meet the database requirements for the preparation of DDMAP.

Policy Statement

The underlying policy of the DDMAP is to protect life, environment and property while ensuring mitigation  of  the disaster to the maximum extent possible, relief to those affected  and restoration of  normalcy at the earliest.

Essentially, communities  draw their support from the social institutions, administrative structure, and values and aspirations they cherish. Disasters may temporarily disorganise the social units and the administrative system and disrupt their lives built around these values and aspirations. A systematic effort to put back the social life on its normal course with necessary technology support and resources will contribute significantly to the resilience of the community and nation. 

This policy forms the basis of the DDMAP strategy. It aims at  capacity building and prompt utilization of resources in a disaster situation through a partnership of the GOM, NGOs, Private Initiatives and the community. In pursuance with this policy, DDMAP  addresses itself to strengthening the pre-disaster and post-disaster responses of various actors and stakeholders including the “victims” of the disaster.

 

OVERVIEW OF RATNAGIRI DISTRICT

Location

  Ratnagiri district is located along the west coast of Maharashtra state and is a part of the Konkan area - a distinct geographical division extending from north to south comprising a narrow strip of land between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east.

  The district is located between latitudes 1630’N and 1804’N and longitudes 7302’E and 7352’E.

  Ratnagiri , the district headquarters, is well connected to the state capital Mumbai and other towns in the Konkan and on the Deccan Plateau by all weather roads.

  Ratnagiri town is 370 km south of Bombay by road and is 13 km to the west of  the Mumbai Goa highway (NH 17). A State highway connects Ratnagiri with Kolhapur to join the Pune - Bangalore highway (N.H. 4) .

  The Konkan Railway has begun operations now and there are daily trains from Mumbai upto Sawantwadi in Sindhudurg district passing through Ratnagiri and close to other major towns. 

  Transport by boats is also possible given the large number of jetties in the district.

  The district is bounded on the west by the Arabian Sea, on the south by Sindhudurg district, on the east by Satara, Sangli, Kolhapur districts on the crest of the western ghats, and on the north by Raigad district.

 

 Area and Administrative Divisions

  Ratnagiri district covers an area of 8249 km.

  There are nine adminstrative sub-units (tahsils) - Ratnagiri, Guhagar, Dapoli, Mandangad, Khed, Chiplun, Sangameshwar, Lanja and Rajapur which have been grouped into three subdivisions :

Subdivision

Tahsils incorporated in it

Dapoli

Mandangad, Dapoli, Khed

Chiplun

Guhagar, Chiplun, Sangameshwar

Ratnagiri

Ratnagiri, Lanja, Rajapur

  Amongst these nine talukas, Sangameshwar is the largest with 15.70% area while Mandangad is the smallest in area accounting for only 5% of the total area of the district.

  According to 1991 census, there are 1591 villages in the district, out of which 4 are uninhabited.

  There are four municipal councils – Khed, Chiplun, Ratnagiri and Rajapur. There is the Zilla Parishad and nine Panchayat Samitis.


Salient Physical Features and Land Use Patterns

Physiography

  The eastern boundary of Ratnagiri district is more or less demarcated by the Sahyadri mountain ranges, also called the Western Ghats.

  The district has a north-south span of about 180 km with about 167 km of coastline. The east west width is only 64 km at the broadest.

  The district can be divided into three natural divisions- i) Hilly areas on the eastern  part comprising the westerly offshoots of the Western Ghats ii) Central portion of gently undulating landscape and iii) lowlying coastal strip.

  The Deccan Trap formation of horizontally disposed basaltic lava flows is the major geological formation ; hence trappean landforms dominate.

  Trappean landforms have a typical aspect of a plateau ; here also the two kinds of trappean landforms are a. Laterite Plateau - gently sloping at the top with steep margins  and b. Highly Dissected Plateau -  comprising the foothills of the Sahyadri range, chracterised by steep valleys and high drainage density.

  Landforms of fluvio-marine origin are common along the coast and in river channels.

Soil

  Lateritic soil, brick red in colour, dominates in this part of Maharashtra. The soil is clayey to loamy and sand and silty at places.

  Due to steep slopes and heavy rainfall, the soil cover in most parts has been steadily eroded away over the years and is very thin, holding little moisture.

  Taking into consideration the fertility and moisture retention capacity, the soils in Ratnagiri district can be classified as :

       Soil near the sea coast having abundant salts/phosphates , where coconut and betel nut plantations abound ; Soil nearest to sea coast and along creeks, abundance of salts making the soil infertile and unable of supporting any vegetation.

       Soil on plateaux and hill slopes (lateritic soil), suitable for mango and cashew plantations and cultivation of nagali and vari.

      Soil with some moisture retention capacity ; suitable for paddy cultivation.

 

 Land Use Pattern                                                        

Land Use

Area in km

Inhabited Area

Agriculture Area

Forest Cover

Industrial Area

Wastelands

2800

2455

   71

17.6

1080

  Most of the agricultural activities are confined to a narrow belt running north-south in the central part of the district ; most of the cultivation is done during the Kharif season.

  Large tracts of land in Rajapur and Sangameshwar tahsils are under agriculture.

  Plantations (chiefly of mango) are retricted near the coast in the tahsils of Ratnagiri, Guhagar, Mandangad and Rajapur

  Wastelands are quite common and occur in all tahsils. Barren/rocky/stony wasteland is quite prominent in the western part of the district.

Climate and Rainfall

  Ratnagiri district has a climate typical of the Konkan region - humid tropical to semitropical with hot summers and mild winters.

   Summers (the season starts in March and continues till June ) are hot and humid with temperatures reaching a maximum of 33.2C.

  Winters ( from November to February) are relatively milder with minimum temperatures of 18C.

  Rainfall (average 3225mm) is due to the South west monsoon and falls mainly during the months of July and August.

  There is no uniform pattern, but the rainfall is extremely heavy in the foothills of the Sahyadris.


Geology  and  Geomorphology

Geology

The geological formations found in the district include those of the Precambrian, Mesozoic , Tertiary and Quaternary ages.

Precambrian  Groups

 Kaladgi Group : In the area around Oni, Waked, Borthade villages a large thickness of sandstone quartzite with minor conglomerates, shells and limestone are exposed below the traps. The quartzite’s are white, gray or brown and are weathered at places to yield sand. The beds are folded and faulted. The strike varies from NNE-SSW to NW-SE with dips upto 80`.

Mesozoic And Tertiary Groups

Deccan Trap : The major part of the district is covered with basaltic flows known as Deccan Traps. These are considered to be Upper Cretaceous to Lower Eocene in age. The lava flows include two types. The pahoehoe type has a basal section with pipe amygdules , a middle dense rock section and a top section with spherical vesicles. Each flow contains several units and the rock is much altered, purple or reddish in color. It is easily weathered and eroded resulting in smooth slopes and conical hills. Near Chiplun(17.32` : 73.31`)  and Alore (17.29` : 73.31`)  a few such pahoehoe flows are found. The “aa” type , which is the most common , shows basal section of dense dark basalt and top section with elongated vesicles and flow breccia. This top section is altered reddish and is easily weathered. Such “aa“ flows extend over large areas and give rise to plateau and step-like feature. The “ a a  “ flows show three or four sets of vertical and horizontal joints. The flow layers show dips of 1 in 100 or more towards SSW or SW.

 Miocene beds  : Near Ratnagiri, white and blue clays with this carbonaceous layers are found in sections of wells and quarries. They bear fossils of leaves , fruits and some resin.

 Laterite  :  Laterite, derived from the leaching process acting on the traps and Precambrian rocks , occurs over very large areas. It is found on the high plateau of the Sahyadri ranges and at different levels along the Konkan upto sea level. Pisolitic, vesicular, massive and brecciated varieties occur. The laterite profile shows the ferruginous variety at the top, alumina rich pockets either at the top or within the laterite and a lithomargic clay below. Large areas are also covered with secondary laterite. These laterites are also covered with secondary laterites. These laterites are considered to be of Quaternary age.

 Hot Springs  :  There are a number of hot springs in the district. The laterite-trap contact, fracture zones in trap or contacts of two flows are the places from where these springs originated. Thermal springs are located near Khed, Aravali, Math, Rajewadi, Sangmeshwar, Tural, Rajapur, Unhavare and Vadavali. These  springs have temperature varying from 35C to 69C. The springs near Unhavare (Unhara) and Tural show the temperature of 69C and 61C respectively.

 

 Geomorphology

   Ratnagiri district is a coastal district and located between latitude 16.30` and 18.05` and longitude 73.02` to 73.50`.

   The district extends from the sea coast to the continental divide where the peak rise to 1000 m. some places.

   The area close to the ghat is highly dissected with deep valleys. Major part of the district has many flat topped hills, rising to the height of 250 m. to 400 m. above the sea level.  These plateau show gradual slop towards west .

   Closer to the coast , the levels of the plateaux are at 150 meters above the sea levels. The arms of Sahyadri ranges extend up to the sea at the several places indicating the absence of significant  faulting.

   Similarly, the western scrap of the Sahyadri ranges are also now found to be mainly derived by extensive erosion.

   The river system are young and owing to heavy rainfall have tremendous headward eroding capacity resulting in river piracy at places. In the lower reaches many of the river are tidal.

Socio-Economic Features

Demographic Features

According to the 1991 census, the demographic features of Ratnagiri district are as follows :

Total number of households                    :   3,24,036

Total population                                           :  15,44,057

                 Total male population               :   7,00,190

                 Total Female population           :   8,43,867

                  Sex Ratio                                   :   1206


                  Urban population                     :   1,38,965

                  Rural population                      :  14,05,092

                  Percentage of Urban

                  population to total population  :   9 %

                  Population Density                  :  187 per km

                   Literacy Rate                          :  62.7 %

                   Male literacy rate                   :  76.6 %

                   Female literacy rate                :  51.6 %

Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes

                   SC percentage                       :   1.77 %

                   ST percentage                       :   0.96 %

Population below poverty line                  :  54.28 %

  Mandangad, Guhagar, Sangameshwar and Lanja are the four talukas which are totally rural.

   Ratnagiri, Dapoli, Khed,Chiplun and Rajapur have 22%, 12%, 6%, 15% and 5% urban population respectively.     

 

Urban and Rural Centres

Urban Centres

 

Urban Centre

Population (1991 census)

Population Density

Major Occupational Patterns (as percentage of population)

RATNAGIRI

56, 505

272 / sq.km

Agriculturists                               4.02%

Agricultural labourers                  5.25%

Factory Workers                          4.37%

Dairy, Fisheries, Horticulture      2.06%

Business and other activities       84.76%

KHED

1,82,000

182 / sq.km

Agriculturists                             26.37%

Agricultural labourers                  3.90%

Dairy, Fisheries, Horticulture      0.32%

Other than domestic occupation    1.92%

CHIPLUN

2,49,000

221 / sq.km

Agriculturists                             22.89%

Agricultural labourers                  2.97%

Domestic Occupations                 0.69%

Other than domestic occupations  2.20%

Construction works                     1.56%

RAJAPUR

1,79,000

140 / sq.km

Agriculturists                             28.26%

Agricultural labourers                  2.62%

Dairy, Fisheries, Horticulture      1.17%

Other than domestic occupation    0.89%

 Rural Centres : (population more than 10,000)

Rural Centre

Population

Population Density

Major occupational patterns

Deorukh

10,979

160 / km

Agriculturists                            56.5%

Agricultural labourers                13 %

 

 Historical and Religious Centres

Information on this aspect is important as in these places there are large congregations and the capabilities of the district administration in dealing with accommodation, sanitation, food, law and order, prevention of epidemics is stretched to the limit.

Name of the Historical / Religious centre

Periods of festive occasions

Estimated tourist or visiting population

1. Ganpatipule

Maghi Chaturthi (one day)

 more than 10,000

2. Pawas

December (one day)

More than 10,000

3. Peth Killa

Navratri (seven days)

More than 10,000

 

 Seasonal Migration

Purpose

Taluka

Period

Estimated population involved

Earning livelihood by working on major construction projects

Ratnagiri

October

to

April

In - 9000

Out - 2500

Working on Koyana Hydroelectric Project Stage IV, Dabhol Project and Roads

Chiplun

Guhagar

Khed

September

to

May

3200 labourers

 

 

 Agriculture and Crop Pattern in the District

  Due to the infertile soil and its poor capacity to hold moisture , the agriculture farming is not attractive occupation in the district . The quality of the soil is deteriorated due to the slopes and heavy rainfall which washes the soil  during the heavy rainfall.

  Due to the soil erosion , heavy rainfall and humid climate , hilly tracts and slopes , no cash crops like cotton, sugarcane ,tobacco, groundnut etc., are possible. The mango plantation , cashew trees plantation and plantation of coconut trees near the coast are the only cash crop of the district. At some suitable places betelnut plantation is taken up.

  As per the Crops Report prepared by the Revenue Dept. for the year 1994-95, 0.87% area of the district is under forests .The land under pastures and cattle grazing is 4.64% ; 21.74% of total geographical area is unsuitable for cultivation while 19.23% of the cultivated land is not being brought under agriculture. 13.29% of land was kept fallow.

  During the year 1994-95 , cultivated area of the district was 5,94,200 hectares, out of which 2,45,400 hectares land was brought under cultivation. The land is cultivated during the Kharif season only. The Rabbi cultivation is quite negligible. Only where there is natural flow of water during the fair season and such places are very few where rabbi crops are taken. In the Kharif and Rabbi season the main crop is paddy.

  During the year 1994-95, out of total area under agriculture, 32.31% land i.e. 79349 hectares of land was under the paddy crop, 8.07 % land was under Nagli, 1.59 land was under Wari crop, and all sort of pulses occupied  0.81 % of land.

  The other important crops of the districts are Mango, Cashew, Coconut Beetlenut which are the cash crops of the districts. But the area under the crop is scattered.

   Apart from the cultivation in farms , coconut and betelnut trees are planted in the open land around the houses of the landowners. In the year 1994-95, the land under the coconut  cultivation  was 1366 hectares , while the 259 hectares of land was under the cultivation of betelnut crop. The  total area under the horticulture was 30217 hectares during the year 1994-95.

  The land of this district is predominantly of uneven topography for most of the eastern part, and is made up of saline and khar wastelands towards the western extremity. There are no large irrigation facilities and consequently , the yield per hectare is quite poor as compared to the districts in upland Maharashtra.

   The table on the following page summarises the cropping pattern in the district.

Types

Names

Cropping period in months

Market (District, State, Export)

Major Crops (Irrigated)

 

 

 

Major Crops (Non-irrigated) Kharif Season

Paddy

Vari

Nagali

 3 to 4 months during the Kharif season

Local consumption

Major Cash Crop

Mango

Cashew

3 months

3 months

Local, state and export market

Major Plantations

Betelnut

Coconut

4 months

4 months

Local market

Allied Crops

Pulses

Groundnut

Til

3 months

3 months

3 months

Local market


 

River Systems and Dams

 Rivers

  All the major rivers in the district originate in the east in the foothills of the Sahaydri ranges and flow towards the west to drain in to the Arabian Sea.

  The overall drainage pattern is dendritic and westerly in direction.

  There are 20 watersheds, each covering an area of about 150 to 200 km.

  Rivers are generally flooded during the monsoon but remain almost dry during the summer

  Major rivers  in the district are :

                        Savitri
                        Vashishti
                        Shastri
                        Kodivli
                        Vaghotan

  Gad, Kashyap and Bav are tributaries of Shastri river

  Jagbudi, Vatsala, Kajral etc are tributaries of the Vashishti.

  Kelshi, Kalbadevi, Jaitapur, Palshet and Borya are the important creeks along rhe coast.

Dams               

  At present , there are 18 minor irrigation projects and 5 K.T. Bandharas completed in this district. On these projects 2535 Ha. irrigation potential has been created upto June 1997, and on Natuwadi Medium Project 2050Ha. irrigation potential has been created.

  There are 22 on going projects which have an irrigation potential of 1058 Ha.

   Percolation tanks , diversion bandharas, storage bandharas are constructed by Zilla Parishad. Total 218 Local  Sector Schemes are completed and irrigation potential of 3111 Ha has been  created with these schemes.

   There are no major dams in the district.There are two medium irrigation projects :

            1. Natuwadi Project (Khed taluka)

            2. Gadgadi  river Project (Sangameshwar taluka) - proposed

Power  Stations  And  Electricity Installations 

  Electricity is generated at the Hydro-electric station at Pophli in Chiplun taluka. The station is part of the Koyna hydroelectric project and has a generation capacity of 960 MW.

   There are a number of 33 KV stations in the southern part of  the district at Pachal, Padve, Dharatala, Lanja, Bhambed, Nachana, Nivali, Ratnagiri, Deorukh, Sngameshwar etc.

  The main power generating installation in this district is at Pophali in Chiplun taluka of this district where an underground hydro-electric project is functioning. This hydro-electric  project is functioning on the water brought to the site from a big dam at Koyna nagar in Patan taluka of Satara district . There are 8 big turbines rotating in the Power House to generate 960 Mega Watt power. The water released from this power station is taken to adjoining Kolkewadi village where a big dam has been built which stores the water and  releases to an another underground Power House, where four turbines are installed .One more Power House is being built in the forth stage.

  As per the 1991 census, all the eight towns in the district have been electrified. In the rural area , 1515 villages of 5 to 12 wadis (hamlets) have not been electrified but token power supply has been made.

  During the year 1995-96 the use of electricity was 3,59,705 thousand kilo watt hours , out of which 62.55 % was used for industrial purpose , 26.82 % was utilised for domestic purpose , 8.79 % electricity was consumed for trade and small industrial units , 0.68 % for public lighting , 0.40 % for agriculture and 0.76 % for all other sundry purpose.

 

Industries  

  By the end of the year 1995 , 248 factories were registered in the district, out of which 49 were not functioning. In the remaining 238 running industries , 9711 workers were working .

  The major industries in the district include M/S JK Files, Narmada Cement, Henkel Chemicals, NOCIL, Gharda, Tata Chemicals, Finolex etc.

  It will be seen that chemical industries dominate, and the MIDC estate at Lote Parshuram in Chiplun Taluka has most of these major chemical industries.

  Other MIDC estates include those in Ratnagiri and Khed tahsils.

  In Rajapur, Dapoli and Chiplun, brick and roofing tile making industries flourish because of the local availability of clay deposits.

  Silica sand is won from various places along the coast as well as in the interiors ; significant deposits of ilmenite have been discovered in the beach sands at a few places.

  Fishing is a very major industry here with a long coastline of 167 km.

  Marine products have fetched an income of more  than Rs. 53 crores during 1995-96.

The extent of industrialisation gets reflected in the number of industrial estates and industrial activity and in terms of movement of cargo.

         Number of indusrial estates :  5

         Types of industries   :  Chemical, Agro-chemical, fine chemicals, plastics, paper, rubber

         Total work force in industries :  5285

         Number of chemical industries/ tank farms  : 11

         Number of pipelines carrying hazardous chemicals  :  Nil

         Number of potentially hazardous locations   :  9

         No. of vehicles carrying hazardous raw materials for industries (during a month) :

         No. of vehicles carrying hazardous finished products from industries (during a month):

         No. of vehicles passing through the district carrying hazardous raw materials for industries

         No. of container terminals   :  Nil

  The details on each industrial estate and the fact sheet on each hazardous industry are attached in the Annexure .

  The district is economically and industrially backward and hence govt. pays 20 to 30 % subsidy to the industries in this backward area. Apart from this the state govt. has set up Industrial Estate through the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation at Ratnagiri , Chiplun , Khed talukas where basic facilities have been provided at concessional rates.

  The Maharashtra State Financial  Corporation extends loan facility at a lower rate of interest. The SICOM  helps the small scale industrial units in a number of ways and hence may small and small scale units are shaping up and flourishing in the Industrial Estates.

  From 1996-97 to 2000, the following small scale industries are expected to start functioning :-

Sr. No.

Classification

Industrial goods to be registered

No. of workers

 

Investment in machinery
(Rs. in lakh)

Production Capacity
(Rs. in lakh)

1

Farms Products

120

600

360

1,080

2

Agricultural Industries

110

550

330

990

3

Mining

02

10

06

18

4

Food and Beverages

115

575

1035

810

5

Weaving

10

50

30

90

6

Leather Goods

02

10

06

18

7

Plastic

100

500

300

720

8

Rubber

25

125

75

225

9

Chemical

150

750

450

1350

10

Metals and Carving

205

1025

615

1845

11

Electrical

13

65

39

117

12

Electronics

18

90

54

162

13

Non-Metal

65

325

195

585

14

Others

315

1575

945

2835

 

Total

1,250

6,250

4,440

10,845


 

The nine talukas of the district have the following major types of industries

1.       Ratnagiri : Fabrication , Engineering units,  Fruit Processing ,Ready-made Garments, Plastic Containers, Sea Food Processing, Cold Storages,  Ice Production,  Production of Ayurvedic Medicines etc.

2.       Deorukh  :Boat building , Stone metal , Shrimp breeding Nurseries, Cement Products Fruit Processing.

3.       Chiplun : Body Building , Chemical Industries, Drugs and Intermediates , Electrical Product, Loading and Boarding profession , Poultry and Poultry Feed etc.,

4.       Khed : Chemical Industries , Garages, Electronic Products, Paper Products , Ready-made Garments, Fabrication Workshops, Plastic Industries, Production Of Mechanical vessels, Metal Casting etc.

5.       Dapoli : Animal Husbandry, Fruit Processing Industry, Milk Products, Agricultural Implements, Leather Products, Cold Drinks, Farsan etc. Snacks Product.

6.       Guhagar : Transport , Production of Domestic Utensils, Production of Kath, Furniture, Mining , Poultry Business, Production of Wooden Toys, Production of Electrical Gadgets.

7.       Lanja : Ice production , Animal Husbandry, Nurseries, Plantation of Fruits Trees , Food Processing Units, Hotels , Servicing Centers , Sale of Plumbing Materials, Bore Well Digging Stone Crusher Industry, Business relating to agricultural products.

8.       Rajapur : Mining , Production of Plastic Material, Cement Products, Fiber Glass Products, Engineering Units , Animal Husbandry, Milk Products, Ice-cream.

9.     Mandangad : Fish Processing , Salt Production , Furniture, Production of Detergents, Rice Mills ,Transport, Electrical Production , Fruit Processing Units.

The following  Small Scale Units have been registered by the end of March 1997. In all 1275 Units were registered on permanent basis and 1994 Units were registered on temporary basis.

Sr. No.

Name of Taluka

No. Of Units Registered permanently

Investment Rs. In lakh

Employment generated

1

Ratnagiri

347

1063

1739

2

Chiplun

282

843

1408

3

Khed

292

862

1457

4

Dapoli

40

120

189

5

Mandangad

14

40

66

6

Guhagar

73

221

363

7

Lanja

64

193

320

8

Rajapur

67

203

335

9

Sangmeshwar (Deorukh)

96

289

489

 

Total

1,275

3,834

6,366

There are 31 big Industries set up in this district and their in cement in the said business is Rs. 143.60 Crore and have generated employment to the tune of 2480.

 

Horticulture Industry

The govt. has taken steps to develop this district as a Horticulture District. Its climate is quite suitable for the plantation of mango grafts and cashew saplings and hence plantation of these trees is being done on a large scale both individually and through the govt. Scheme like the Employment Guarantee Scheme and Horticulture Development Scheme etc. With the result that there is a possibility of a very large scale production of mango and cashew in the near future. At present the local mango production is utilised for the large local demand for this fruit. This local scale of mangoes fetches very attractive prices and consequently , the fruit Processing Units find it hard to procure adequate quantity of  mangoes for processing . However, in the very near future , this difficulty will disappear as and the fruit processing unit will not starve for want of the raw material. At present the following processing units are functioning in the district :

                   Mango Canning Units                   37 Units.

                   Mango Pickle Units                       16 Units.

                   Cashew Processing Units            6 Units .

                   Kokum Pulp Units                         31 Units.

Having a coast of 167 km. in length, naturally fishing profession is a thriving business in the coastal area of the district . The following statistics will give a fairly good idea of the fishing activities in the district :-

Length of the coast             

167

Fishing villages

99

Fish unloading jetties

50

Fishermen population

58,293

No. of active fishermen

12,842

No. Of fishing vessels :

a)  Mechanised vessels

b)  Non-mechanised vessels

c)  Total

 

1,786

1,860

3,646

Basic facilities :-

a)  Ice factories

b) Production of ice

c)Cold Storages

d)Freezing machinery

 

16

286

12

11

Fishermen’s Coop. Societies

I)  District Fishermen’s Coop. Society

ii)Fishermen’s Coop. Societies

iii) Total number of members

 

1

49

18,894

Fish Production

Marine fish production

 

65,534 MT

Export

a)  Frozen prawns

b)  Frozen fish

c)  Frozen other fish

 

3,019 MT

191 MT

735 MT

Main commercial fish available

Pomfret, Surmai,  Macael, Saranga, Prawns, Eels, Swids.

The present day fishing is carried with the help of mechanised  and non mechanised fishing vessels. The biggest fishing trawler are generally 45 feet in length with six cylinder engines and they carry out the fishing operations by using the trawling nets and the pursues net upto 40 fathom depth. However , the area of 3690 Sq. Mt. upto the depth of 100 fatmouth does not come under their operation because of their limits. Bigger  and  equipped with all modern facilities fishing trawlers must be used by the fishermen to operate in the untouched area.

 

Transport  and  Communication  Network

The following table summarises the transport and communication network in the district :

         Number of National Highways

       2

         Length (in km) of National Highways

    213

         State Highways (in km)

    993.85

         ZP roads (in km)

   4125.77

         Number of bridges on rivers

        51

         Number of ST depots

          8

         Number of villages not accessible by ST

         64

         Number of ports /jetties

11 ports, 156 jetties

         Number of boats

         104

         Number of railway stations with mail/express halts

           13

         Number of railway bridges

           48

         Non-electrified railway routes (in km)

           250

         Electrified railway routes (in km)

          -----

         Number of unmanned railway crossings

              3

         Number of airports

              1

  In Ratnagiri district roads is the main source of communication. Due to the predominantly hilly tract and specific geographic conditions every village in the district is divided in wadis (hamlets) and due to the small and big streams and rivers , the communication by road becomes difficult in the absence of bridge and sakavs (foot-bridges) during the rainy season which is very heavy in this district. The average rainfall is 3225 mm. The work of construction of small and big bridges has been given priority in the district. Similarly, the work of asphalting of roads has also been given priority.

  Excluding the roads in the Municipal Council’s Jurisdiction, the road length in Ratnagiri district is 5268 km. Out of which 2298 km. Roads are asphalted and 2550 roads have W.B.M. surface. The Public Works department of the state government maintains 65.45% of the asphalted roads while the maintenance of 34.55% asphalted roads is carried out by the Zilla Parishad. Out of the 420 km.of  Katcha roads, the maintenance of 98.33% of the roads is carried out by the Zilla Parishad and the remaining 1.67% Katcha roads are maintained by the Public Works Department of the government.

  During the year , 1994-95 , 39753 vehicles were registered with  District Transport Officer. During the subsequent year this number has been increased and now it is 44290. Out of these vehicle 60.53% are taxies are 0.27% and the rickshaws  11.15%.

   The daily production of the cement produced by the Narmada Cement  Company and the Finolex Company at Ranpar , which is useful for manufacturing plastic articles , is dispatched to the out station in the states , the transporting activities are the most in Ratnagiri taluka than at any other place in the district. Similarly the transport of frozen fish and transport of the mangoes during the season also requires a lot of trucks.

   As stated above , the roads was  the only viable means of transport in this district until now but with the advent of the Konkan  Railway , the pressure of transport on the trucks and lorries has now eased to some extent. The travelling public , who was entirely depending on the monopolised State Road Transport , has now the alternate choice of travelling  through the Konkan Railway.

   During  the past there was another source of travelling available to the people i.e. the steamer service. This was the very popular means of transport of the people of the district . In addition some private Transporters ply their private luxury tourist buses which are air conditioned and have a good response from the upper middle class people of the district.

    There is an air -strip  at Ratnagiri which was used for the air transport of passengers by small air planes. But now the private passenger transport has ceased to operate. There are however , no basic facilities available at the said airstrip.

   The Maharashtra State  Transport Corporation  has been transporting 2.31 Lakh Passengers Daily on 855  routes by deploying 606 passengers buses.

   The  other means of communication is the post and Telegraph Offices. During the year 1995-96, there were 636  post offices functioning in this district  out of which  152 post offices also function as Telegraph  Office.

   During the year 1995-96 there were  15155 telephones functioning in the district . Now there are 82 Exchanges with more than 19000 telephone connections.        

 

Proposed Developments

Construction of new dams

To irrigate the cultivable land , survey and investigation have identified  103 schemes which are feasible and where dams can be constructed.

There is no scope for major projects , (having  irrigation more than 10000 Ha.).

There are four medium projects (having irrigation from 2000 to  10000 Hs.) and 99 minor projects  23 projects are completed , 39 project are under construction , 26 projects are administratively approved but not budgeted and 11 schemes are under investigation.

RISK ASSESSMENT AND VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS

 

Economic, Social, Educational and Occupational Profile of the Population

  Ratnagiri district covers an area of 8249 sq km.

  The total population of the district is 15.39 lakhs, majority of which (91%) resides in rural areas.

   Males constitute 45% while females 55%. Ratnagiri is the most densely populated tahsil with 271 persons /sq.km. while the least dense is Rajapur with only 139 persons /sq.km.

   Agriculture is the major source of livelihood and although more than 71% of the land is fit for cultivation, less than half is actually under crops.

   Most of the usable land is rendered useless by the hilly terrain and influx of salt water due to the numerous creeks. Rice is cultivated along the valley floors, while cereals are grown on the cultivable land on hill tops.

   Since agriculture alone cannot be the sole source of livelihood, atleast one able person from each household has migrated to Mumbai either for a job or for business. Hence for many years, Ratnagiri district was said to have a “Money Order Economy”.

   Opportunities for self employment have increased in the past 10 years primarily in the tourism sector ; Large number of job opportunities have been created by the growing industrialisation in the district. 

    Mango Plantation is a major land use category ; the “Alphonso” variety is a major export commodity ; harvesting of the fruit during the summer times involves a large number of casual labour.

Disaster Specific Proneness

 Floods

  All the major rivers in the district originate in the east in the foothills of the Sahaydri ranges and flow towards the west to drain in to the Arabian Sea.

  The drainage can be demarcated into 20 watersheds, each covering an area of about 150 to 200 km.

  Rivers are generally flooded during the monsoon but remain almost dry during the summer

  Major rivers  in the district are :

                        Savitri

                        Vashishti

                        Shastri

                        Kodivli

                        Vaghotan

   Gad, Kashyap and Bav are tributaries of Shastri river

  Jagbudi, Vatsala, Kajral etc are tributaries of the Vashishti.

The frequency of flooding and amount of area inundated by the various rivers is :

Name of the river

Flooding Frequency

Location and extent of area inundated (worst case) in km

Corresponding flood damage in Rs.

Arjuna

Twice a year

Kondetad, Dhopeshwar and Rajapur Municipal area.(4.9 km)

Nil

Savitri

Twice a year

 

Nil

Vashishti

Twice a year

Chiplun Municipal Area, Petmap, Govalkot, Kherdi (2.2 km)

Rs.10,000/-

Shastri

Twice a year

6.69 km in the adjoining fields

Nil

Jagbudi

Twice or thrice a year

3 km in Khed town and Khed - Dapoli Road area

Nil

Narangi

Twice or thrice a year

2 km of the Khed dapoli road and adjoining area

Nil

Bav

Twice or thrice a year

2.5 km in the agricultural fields

Nil

Muchkundi

Twice a year

0.35 km in adjoining fields

Nil

Saptalingi

Once a year

0.15 km

Nil

Kajali

Once or thrice a year

0.75 km

Nil

Sonavi

once a year

1.02 km

Nil

Gadgadi

once a year

0.60 km

Nil

Gad

once a year

0.65 km

Nil



 

 Past Occurrences of Floods

        Occurrences of floods in the last 30 years             :   Five

       Number of deaths                                                         :   Nine

       Total loss                                                                       : Rs.91,54,679/-

       Expenditure incurred on relief and rehabilitation    :

 

Instrumentation

Flood Monitoring Stations

Sr.No.

Name of the station

Taluka

Type

Catchment Area(km)

Remarks

1.

Pastewadi

Sangameshwar

B

  47.25

 

2.

Powarwadi

Lanja

B

  39.57

Upgradation

3.

Kumbharkani

Sangameshwar

C

130.04

proposed under NHP

4.

Poynar

Khed

C

  29.56

5.

Chatav

Khed

C

130.66

6.

Mirwane

Chiplun

C

  11.94

7.

Latwan

Mandangad

C

  19.45

8.

Karak

Rajapur

C

  26.96

9.

Raypatan

Rajapur

B

  99.56

10.

Asga

Lanja

C

    7.02

11.

Shembavane

Rajapur

C

   14.23

12.

Kakewadi

Rajapur

          B          

     6.08

Rainfall Monitoring Stations

  There are 92 rainfall monitoring stations in the district maintained by the Irrigation Department. These stations are spread over the whole district. (List in Annexure IV )

  Nine rainfall monitoring stations are maintained by the Revenue Department at each of the taluka headquarters. (List in Annexure  IV)

Flood Prone areas in the district

Name of the scheme

River/Nalla

Affected Population

Chiplun Taluka

 

 

Sayyadwadi Pophali

Vashishti

135 (27 families)

Kamathe

Shiv Nalla

    5 (1 family)

Shiv Nadi (Chiplun Municipal Area)

Shiv

      --------

Gandhareshwar

Vasishti

  One temple

Dapoli Taluka

 

 

Elane

Kesari

  25 (5 families)

Lanja Taluka

 

 

Rinagane (Gangowadi)

Local nalla

  25 (5 families)

Rajapur Taluka

 

 

Yerdav

Arjuna

   5 (1 family)

Wadapeth -Adivare

Local nalla

  60 (12 families)

Raypatan

Arjuna

 120 (24 families)

Pachal

Arjuna

    5 (1 family)



 

Ratnagiri Taluka

Gavade - Ambere

Khadi

 205 (41 families)

Sangameshwar Taluka

 

 

Sonawade

Gadgadi

 130 (26 families)

Kondgaon

Kajavi

 205 (41 families)

Devade

Kajavi

 180 (36 families)

Bhadakamba

Kajavi

   45 (9 families)

 

Flood prone areas in other irrigation schemes proposed / underway

 a. Tangar Irrigation Project, Tal. Dapoli

 

Name of village

Distance

Probable

 

from dam

Houses

Population

Paratewadi

 690 m

63

315

Patilwadi

 700 m

19

95

Tangar Gaothan

2000 m

150

750

Mohalla

2100 m

70

350

Hativ

5000 m

350

1750

b. Barewadi M.I.Tank, Tal. Rajapur (list of villages under caution zone and anticipated water column)

 

Name of village /wadi

Distance from dam in m

Shelter area details

Probable houses affected

Probable population affected

Barwadi(Soundal)

600-1500

Open space at RBC Ch.1100m

 

15

 

99

Ghagwadi (Soundal)

1000

Open space near Kumbharwadi

 

22

 

149

Kumbharwadi

1300

             ”

30

167

Bhalekarwadi

2000

             ”

---

---

Patilwadi

2500

Open space near Boudhwadi             

23

199

Soundal

3500

Open space near RBC tail end

 

High School

Soundal

3600

Bazar peth

 

Nursery

Soundal

4000

Bazarpeth

 

Dist.Road

c. Pimpar Dam Project (List of villages in anticipated flood zone downstream of dam)

 

Village/Town

Distance

Probable no. of affected

 

from dam

Houses

Population

Pimpar

    2 km

250

1250

Wadjai temple (Welneshwar)

    4 km

1 temple

 

Nagzari (Adur)

   7.3 km

22

110

Pomendi

   7.6 km

---

----

Palshet

   11 km

300

1500



 

d. Natuwadi Medium Project, Tal. Khed (list of villages in the anticipated flood zone)

 

Name of village

Distance from dam

Shelter area details

Probable no. of houses affected

Probable afected population

Natuwadi Project Colony

   0.50 km

Irrigation Bungalow

40

200

Morewadi

1 km

Wadi Khavati

50

250

Katkarwadi

 2 km

Dhotrewadi gaothan

10

50

Borghar

  3 km

Borghar gaothan

30

150

Sonarwadi

  5 km

 

30

150

Kalmani (Bk.)

  9 km

Maharwadi

30

150

Hambirwadi

  8.5 km

      ”

25

125

Sutarwadi

   9.3 km

 

25

125

Mohalla near Khed

  15 km

Khed gaothan

95

475

   In Ratnagiri district, some towns and villages like Khed, Sangameshwar, Chiplun, Kherdi and Rajapur are always inundated when there is a continuous downpour for two to three days. The swift flowing rivers in the vicinity of these towns are blocked by the incoming high tide resulting in water encroaching upon it’s banks and flooding the low lying parts of these villages/towns. Past experience has shown that the flood waters receede after a few hours during thr low tide.

   As the floods are due to continuous heavy downpour accompanied by the stormy gusts of wind, damages are caused due to the falling of big trees or big branches of trees standing near the houses of the people. Secondly, continuous lashing of the heavy showers affect the mud-walls of the house of the rural people and their houses or some parts of the houses cave in requiring shifting of their inmates to some safe places.

  There is no disaster management action plan or co-ordination plan for emergency response during floods. However the district machinery is well geared up for a co-ordinated response during floods.

  Before the commencement of the rainy season, every Tahsildar convenes a tahsil level meeting of the prominent officers and citizens.

   The Collector at the district level also convenes a meeting of SDOs, Tahsildars and other concerned officials ; a Control room which works round the clock during the monsoon season is set up at the district and taluka levels.

   The only control room in the district which functions round the clock throughout the year is at the Office of the Superintendent of Police

   If a dam is breached during heavy rainfall, the people living in the downstream areas are alerted  and evacuated to safer places by Irrigation dept. and Revenue officials .

   Khed, Chiplun and Rajapur Municipal Council areas, which are flood prone, have the standard Blue Zone and Red Zone demarcation - no new constructions are permitted in the Blue Zone.

  A Disaster Warning Receiver has been installed at the Collectorate ; warnings received about torrential rains or stormy winds are then faxed to the concerned Tahsildars and SDOs.       

 

Earthquakes

   Ratnagiri district does not have a long history of seismicity.

   There has been only one major earthquake in the past - the Koynanagar earthquake of 11th December 1967.

   The earthquake was felt all over the district, but the most affected talukas were Chiplun and Sangameshwar.

   The housing at that time was dominated by mud houses; stone houses had wall of roughly cut stone; both types not suited to withstand powerful tremors.

   The earthquake also affected the districts of Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur along with Ratnagiri and the cumulative damage was - 66,000 houses from 28 villages collapsed completely ; 88,000 houses were partially damaged.

  In Ratnagiri district, loss of lives was only 3, and total loss was Rs.2,96,107/-

   After this tragic event, there has been no major earthquake tremor with epicentre in the district, and chances of such an event appear to be rare given the geological framework of Ratnagiri district.

   Severe earthquakes of the magnitude of 6.00 or more rector scale would have disastrous effects especially in the rural areas where the majority of the houses are built of mud and stones or only mud . Katcha mud bricks are also used . there houses are vulnerable to earthquakes and there is a great risk of human and cattle casualties due to falling of the Katcha structures.

   The other risk is of falling of boulders on the roads in ghat area and that of landslides causing blockade of road traffic and also accidental deaths if the landslides engulf the passing traffic in the ghat area. This also has a potential of the rocks and the earthquakes Tremors are subsided.

   The Western Ghat Escarpment which forms the eastern boundary of the district is supposed to be recent fault.

  Also the Konkan region shows distinct evidence of neotectonic activity.

  The Koyna Dam , which is very near , has a continuous record of seismicity since 1967, albeit of smaller magnitudes.

   The proliferation of industries - chemical, plastics and other potentially hazardous industries - in Ratnagiri is special cause for concern.

   Lote Parshuram MIDC, which has a very large number of chemical industries is situated in Chiplun taluka, the taluka closest to Koynanagar.

Epidemics

    The district administration has given epidemics a low rank for past occurrences and indicated a low probability of future occurrence.

    In the past there have been 8 episodes of epidemics which have claimed 290 lives , expenditure incurred by the district administration on relief and rehabilitation being Rs.46,35,560/-.

    The risk of epidemics can be gauged with the help of the following points :

    Piped water supply is given to only a few areas in the district.

    9% of the population lives in flood prone areas. Flood also rank high in terms of probability of future occurrence. Chances of epidemics during flood events are very high due to contaminated water.

   Only four towns have a Fire Brigade service ; even this staff is not properly trained nor is it full time.

   There is only one water quality monitoring laboratory in the whole district at Ratnagiri.

   There are a minimum of 6-7 poison centres in each taluka.

    Epidemics are mainly due to diseases like Cholera, Gastro, Diarrhoea, Dysentry, Infective Hepatitis, etc.

    The industrial establishments at Lote in Khed Taluka Parshuram, Gane, Khadpoli in Chiplun Taluka are, of late, causing pollution problems. Their effluents are percolating in the water of the drinking wells of the neighbouring locality, or their leaking pipes are spreading the effluents in the agricultural lands of the farmers rendering them infertile and causing a great loss.  The effluents flow into some neighbouring nallah or creeks which ultimately into the sea resulting in a great deal of fish dying of water pollution. Selling of such dead fish by some unscrupulous fishermen and eating such fish by the unsuspecting villagers cause diarrhea or gastro-enteritis.

    Acute Dysentry is the most common disease, with there having being more than 7000 incidences of minor and major epidemics throughout the district since 1977 to 1996.

    Gastro is common in the talukas of Dapoli, Chiplun, Ratnagiri and Sangameshwar.

   Diarrhoea affects the talukas of Rajapur, Ratnagiri, Chiplun, Sangameshwar, Khed and Dapoli.It is seen that water borne diseases account for a major share of the epidemics in Ratnagiri.

   Talukas where rapid urbanisation and industrialisation is taking place (Ratnagiri, Chiplun, Khed and Sangameshwar) are highly prone to such contaminated water related epidemics.

 

Industrial and Chemical Accidents

    The district administration considers a moderate probaility of future occurrence for industrial and chemical disasters.

    There have been 53 accidents in the past which have lead to 35 deaths and a cumulative los of Rs.23,35,000/-.

    By the end of 1995, there were 248 registered factories out of which 40 were closed. The remaining 238 running industries employ cumulatively 9711 workers.

    The major industries in the district include M/S JK Files, Narmada Cement, Henkel Chemicals, NOCIL, Gharda, Tata Chemicals, Finolex etc.

    Chemical industries dominate, and the MIDC estate at Lote Parshuram in Chiplun Taluka has most of these major chemical industries. Other estates include those at Gane Khadpoli and Kherdi in Chiplun taluka and Mirjole in Ratnagiri taluka.

    The risk of industrial and chemical disasters in Ratnagiri district has to be viewed in the context of the following points :

   There are 34 toxic and chemical industries in the district. List of fire and gas leakage prone industries is given in Annexure II.

   Chiplun, Khed and Ratnagiri talukas have begun industrialisation on a large scale with the State Government granting various subsidies and also basic facilities.

   Chemical, Plastics, agrochemicals etc (potentially hazardous) dominate the types of industries.

   Rapid urbanisation of the towns of Ratnagiri, Chiplun and Khed has resulted in settlements shfting more towards the periphery of these towns and hence closer to industrial estates.

   Only four towns (Ratnagiri, Chiplun, Khed and Rajapur) have fire tenders manned however by untrained and part time staff.

  There is only one pollution control centre in the district at Ratnagiri.

Road Accidents

         The district has a good network of state and National Highways. (List of major highways and major bridges in the district is given in Annexure VII and VIII)

         The Mumbai - Goa highway has heavy traffic throughout the year as till now it was the only transport link between the Konkan region and the state capital, Mumbai.

         The Ratnagiri Kolhapur road through the Amba Ghat and the road to Satara through the Kumbharli Ghat are also major roads in terms of traffic movement - both passenger and goods.

         Risk of road accidents in Ratnagiri district has to be viewed in the context of the following points :

       Increased industrialisation has led to an increase of cargo movement either to Mumbai or to the upland towns of Pune, Kolhapur, Karad etc.

       Although the Mumbai-Goa Highway bypasses the major towns of Ratnagiri, Rajapur and Chiplun, it still passes through other major towns of Lanja, Sangameshwar etc.

       The abundance of chemical factories in Chiplun, Ratnagiri and Khed talukas has lead to an increase in the transport of hazardous raw materials/finished products along the national and state highways.

       Many road sections in the district are through hilly terrain having steep gradients, blind corners, narrow roads etc.

       There is a problem of dense fog during early morning in the ghat sections of Amba, Kumbharli, Kasheli and Nivali.

Fires

         In Ratnagiri districts fires occur in rural areas especially during the month of May when traditionally farmers burn heaps of dried leaves of trees, grass etc At times gusty winds may blow the sparks to the thatched roofs of the huts of the farmers whose houses are nearby. Some times cattle sheds may also catch fire due to these flying sparks and some cattle suffer burns or are burnt alive if not rescued.

         At the times the thatched roofs of the houses of farmers catch fire when the sparks in the rural kitchens  blow up to the roofs or Kerosene lamps burn wild to cause fire. In most of the rural areas the scene of infernos or wild fires are seen which go on burring hectares of grassy land and hill tops  often damaging the naturally grown trees and plantation of mango grafts or cashew plants. These fires are either caused by the sparks from the burning fields or by the carelessly thrown on extinguished buts of cigarettes or biddies.

         As it is difficult to extinguishing the wild fires, they are helplessly allowed to burn. These fires are extinguished when they reach some areas which are devoid  of any grass or shrubs or are skirted by rivers beds. However, in case of houses or huts catching fire the neighbours and the houses owners try to extinguish the fire by using whatever water is available with them. The houses are generally reduced to ashes as there is no effective equipment like a fire tender or fire-extinguishing to put off fire.

         Moreover the houses in the village goathan (residential area) also catch fire. Sometimes it is not possible to call for the fire tender from the Municipal Council in the neighbouring towns / cities ( if any) as there are no roads wide enough for the  Fire tender to reach the spot. It would be better if the village Panchayat keep Fire- Extinguishers to help people in extinguishing fire.

         The cities in Ratnagiri district viz. Khed, Chiplun, Ratnagiri & Rajapur  have Municipal Councils. But these cities are so congested and their roads are so narrow that the fire-tenders at times prove useless in reaching the spot where fires are burning. However, by using long hoze-pipes the fire can be put off.

         The cities and towns in Ratnagiri districts are very congested and residential and commercial area are often mixed up. Fire caused in domestic area or in commercial area could be very hazardous to both. Moreover, there is no system of hydrants having been laid down in any of the cities and towns in Ratnagiri district. Hence, once a big fire is caused due to any reasons, it takes a heavy toll of valuable properties before it is put off. Though the incidents of fires are less in the towns, cities and villages, once they occur they cause heavy damages.

         There is no Fire-Brigades or fair fighting tainered  squads with any of the Municipal Councils. They have Fire-Fighters but excepting Ratnagiri Municipal Councils none have the foam fire fighting system. Some of the big industrial establishments like the Finolex Company have their own fire-fighter but no fire-fighting trained staff.

         The risk of fires in Ratnagiri district has also to be viewed in context of the possibility of industrial accidents as well as road accidents.

         Although risk of fires in urban areas is omnipresent due to domestic factors as well as due to negligence, location of LPG depots and petrol pumps in congested areas etc., this is true for almost all districts.

  &nbssp;      In Ratnagiri district, the risk of fires is compounded by the heavy industrialisation especially in Khed, Chiplun and Ratnagiri tahsils, and considerable transport of hazardous chemicals along the National and State highways in the district.

         The recent proliferation of chemical and hazardous industries in the district and the resultant increase in transportation of  hazardous raw materials and finished goods along the highways, has considerably increased the risk of major fires in the future.

 

Cyclones

         Cyclones have rarely affected Ratnagiri district with a dominant damaging effect in the past. However, its 167 Km long coast and its heavy monsoon season could attract cyclones.

         The possible damaging effect of the cyclones could be as follows:            

i) High tidal waves of a great magnitude could sweep the local population trade business  

   and sweep the industry power installation in the coastal towns and villages.

ii) There  would be temporary shortage of potable drinking water as water in the wells

    could be transformed into the blakish water at least for some days. Moreover the silt 

   that would enter the wells with the dashing waves would make it unbygenic. All wells

   will have be given dosages of TLC powder.

iii) There would a big problem of providing shelter to the poor people whose houses / huts

     would be sweep away by the big tidal waves.

iv) The impact of the velocity of the stormy winds and the tidal waves could entail

     uprooting of big trees or breaking of big branches of big trees which could badly

     damage the houses or other structure like Government office buildings, buildings of

     schools colleges , hospital etc.

Disaster Probability

Damage

Earthquake

Floods

Cyclones

Epidemics

Industrial & Chem. Accidents

Fires

Road Accidents

Loss of lives

Medium

Medium

Medium

Low

Medium

Low

Medium

Injuries

Medium

Low

Medium

Low

Medium

Low

Medium

Damage to &destruction to property

High

Medium

High

Low

Low

Low

Medium

Damage to cattle and livestock

Low

Low

Low

High

Low

Medium

Low

Damage to subsistence and crops

Low

Medium

Medium

Low

Low

Medium

Low

Disruption of lifestyle

Low

Low

Low

Low

Low

Low

Low

Disruption of community life

Medium

Medium

Medium

Low

Low

Low

Low

Loss of livelihood

Low

Low

Medium

Low

Low

Low

Low

Disruption of services

Medium

Low

Medium

Low

Low

Low

Low

Damage to infrastructure and/or disruption of govt. systems

Medium

Low

Medium

Low

Low

Low

Low

Impact on National Economy

Medium

Low

Medium

Low

Low

Low

Low

 

Specific Vulnerability of Systems and Services to Disaster Events in Ratnagiri District

Specific Vulnerability of

 

Vulnerable to

Earthquake

Floods

Cyclones

Epidemics

Fires

Road Accidents

Indl. & Chemical Accidents

Transport Systems (road network)

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Transport Systems (rail network)

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

No

Power supply

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

No

No

Water Supply

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

Sewage

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Hospitals

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Food stock and supplies

No

No

       Yes

No

No

Yes

No

Telecommunication systems

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

No


 

Ranking and Probability of Future Occurrence of Various Disasters in Ratnagiri District

Event

Ranking in terms of past

Probability of future occurrence

 

occurrences

High

Medium

Low

Earthquake

Low

 

*

 

Floods

Low

 

*

 

Cyclones

Low

*

 

 

Epidemics

Low

 

 

*

Industrial & Chemical accidents

 

 

 

*

 

Fires

Low

 

 

*

Road Accidents

Low

 

*

 

 

Annexure I  Case Studies Of Disaster Episodes In The District

Earthquake :

            Date : 11th December 1967 at 4.10 a.m.

            Place : Koynanagar, in Sangli District

            Magnitude : 6 on Richter Scale

The earthquake affected mainly the talukas of Chiplun and Sangameshwar. Other districts affected included Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur.

Damage was extensive to mud and stone houses in the district with the total los due to the earthquake being Rs.2,96,107/-. However death toll was only 3.

The houses in the villages in Ratnagiri district are generally constructed with trap-stone walls.  The stones are also not properly cut and carved but are rough pieces brought from the quarry.  Many houses have mud walls.  The walls were not expected to withstand a powerful impact of earthquake and gave way as soon as the powerful tremors of about 6 Richter Scale rocked the villages, killing and injuring a number people.

Government help was rushed to the spot immediately, but except rescue operations of digging out the injured and dead persons from out of the debris of the collapsed houses, other things took some time to get organised.

Temporary shelters were errected by using the tarpaulins from the Government godowns, in the first instance, which were followed by temporary shelters of alluminium and GCI sheets. 290 GCI sheets were supplied by Executive Engineer, Mula Canal Division, No.1, Ahmednagar, costing Rs.4015.58 while 850 alluminium sheets were supplied at the cost Rs.25,625/- with nuts and bolts.

The Indian Red Cross Society, had placed an order with M/s.Ogale Glass Works, Ogalewadi, district Satara, for supply of 5000 Prabhakar Lanterns, which have been a standard model of kerosene lanterns.  These lanterns were distributed to the affected people through the relief camps.  The cost of the lanterns was Rs.29,591.66.

One post of Deputy Collector, viz. Deputy Collector, Earthquake Relief, Chiplun and one post of Tahsildar viz. Additional Tahsildar, Earthquake Relief Work, Chiplun were created to look after the various types of earthquake relief works and to organise relief to the affected people.

A loan of Rs.1500/- was sanctioned to the sufferers of the calamity, for repairs and reconstruction of their houses.  Some instalments of the loans were recovered from the persons who were granted the loans but the balance of loan instalments were waived by government of Maharashtra under government Resolution, Revenue and Forests Department, No.CLS-5977/182050/M-3, dated the 7th February,1978.

 

Floods and Landslides

The commencement of the rainy season is generally accompanied by stormy winds, heavy lightning and thunder showers.  During the year 1983, the summer season was more hot than the previous year and the monsoon started with light drizzles, by 8th June, 1983 and by 23rd June 1983 it poured cats and dogs, entailing in heavy floods, a lot of falling of big and small trees on the National Highway No.17 and other roads, and a number of landslides on the National Highway No.17 (Mumbai State Highway No.3).

Though the entire district was heavily lashed by the torrential rains, Sangmeshwar village of Sangmeshwar Taluka, through which the National Highway passes, was the worst hit owing to the down pour on the 26th and 27th June,1983.  There are four rivers in the vicinity of this village viz., Shastri river, Bav river, Gad river and Saptalingi river.  The heavy downpour in the catchment area of these rivers entailed in their running in full spate but the high tide retarded their flow and the flood water swelled and entered not only the low lying area adjoining their banks but the neighbouring villages. Sangameshwar had all time high level of the flood water. 

The villages viz. Mhabale Navadi, Kasba Sangameshwar, Rampeth, Wandri, Kurdhunda  and Makhjan were also hit badly.  93 houses in these villages collapsed completely and 394 houses were damaged partially.  In addition to the houses, 15 cattle sheds were completely damaged and 54 cattlesheds were damaged partially.  The total loss was calculated to be Rs.98,60,285/-.  The affected persons were paid cash dole to the tune of Rs.1,65,000/-.  In all 23448 people were found to have been affected by the floods.  An amount of Rs.34,08,126/- was distributed by way of subsidy.

Eight persons were drowned in the floods and 12 heads of cattle were swept away by the floods.  Compensation as per Government orders then existing, was paid to the heirs of the persons who lost their lives in the floods.

In 135 villages of the Taluka 9055 Khatedars (landholders) suffered agricultural loss.  These Khatedars were paid subsidy of Rs.8,35,821/-.

The vehicular traffic on Ratnagiri-Kolhapur road was completely disrupted for 3 days and that on the Mumbai-Goa national highway was distrupted for six days, owing to the enormous landslides and falling of big tree near Sangameshwar.

 

Annexure II   Fact Sheets On Hazardous Industries

Name of the Industrial Estate:- Deorukh (Sadvali) Mini industrial Estate

Location in the form of address:- Deorukh (Sadvali)  Mini Industrial Estate

Tal. Sangmeshwar, Dist. Ratnagiri.

Note:    In this Industrial Area, MIDC has allotted 54 plots and one is vacant - units are under construction.

FACT SHEET NO. 1

1          Factory Identity -

            National Organic Chemical Industries Ltd., Agrochemicals Division

            Address -

            A-1, Lote Parshram Industrial Area, Lote - 415722

            Tal. Khed , Dist. Ratnagiri.

            Location Co-ordinates -

            Km stone 200, on Bombay-Goa National Highway 17

2          Contact Personnel From Factory -

            -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

            Name                          Designation                                       Telephone

            -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

            S M Pathak                  Manufacturing Manager                  72047 ( O )

                                                                                                               72260 ( R )

            S A Paranjpe               Engineering Service Manager      72039 ( O )

                                                                                                              72262 ( R )

            R R Koranne               Senior Fire & Safety Officer           72044 ( O )

                                                                                                             72204 ( R )

            Dr. D V Dabeer            Senior Medical Officer                 72036 ( O )

                                                                                                            72266 ( R )

            -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3          Principal Activity - Manufactre of Agrochemicals

 

Fact Sheet 1 contd..

4          Hazardous Chemicals -

            1          Monocrotophos                       

            2          Cypermethrin             

           3           Dichlorvos                  

           4          Phosphamidon                       

            5          Chloropyriphos           

            6          Chlorine

            7          Ortho Zylene

            8          Trichloroacetaldehyde ( Chloral )

            9          Trimethyl Phosphite

            10        Sodium cyahide

            11        Toluene

            12        Dichloroethane

            13        Triethyl amine

            14        Isoprpyl alcohol

5          Maximum inventory in tonnes of storage -

            1            Monocrotophose

                        - Technical                    70 MT

                        - Formulated               110 KL

            2          Cypermethrin

                        - Technical                  10 MT

                        - Formulated               40 KL

            3          Dichlorvos

                        - Technical                  60 MT

                        - Formulated               40 KL

            4          Phosphamidon

                        - Technical                100 MT

                        - Formulated               40 KL                

            5          Chloripyriphos

                        - Technical                  50 MT

                        - Formulated             150 KL

            6          Chlorine                              20 MT      

            7          Ortho Xylene                       90 MT

           8          Chloral                                  20 MT

            9          Trimethyl Phosphite        160 MT

            10        Sodium Cyanide                  2 MT

            11        Toluene                              90 MT

            12        Dichloroethane                 22 MT

            13        Triethyl amine                     5 MT

            14        Isopropyl alcohol             10 MT

6          Maximum inventory in tonnes in processing system -

            1          Monocrotophos           

                        - Technical                  7.5 MT

                        - Formulated               40 KL

            2          Cypermethrin

                        - Technical                  1.1 MT

                        - Formulated               40 KL

            3          Dichlorvos

                        - Technical                  7.5 MT

                        - Formulated               15 KL

            4          Phosphamidon

                        - Technical                  4 MT

                        - Formulated               15 KL

            5          Chloropyriphos

                        - Technical                  - MT

                        - Formulated               40 KL

            6          Chlorine                       7 MT

            7          Ortho Xylene               1 MT

            8          Chloral                      15 MT

 

Fact Sheet1 contd...

            9          Trimethyl Phosphite          8 MT

            10        Sodium Cyanide           0.15 MT

            11        Toluene                             30 MT

            12        Dichloroethane                  2 MT

            13        Triethyl amine               0.15 MT

            14        Isopropyl alcohol            0.5 MT

7          Consequences of major hazards from storage fire -

            Fumes/ Heat release/ Toxic release.

            Tank collapse/ Equipment failure.

            Spillage/ Toxic release/ Release odorous chemical

8          Consequence of major hazards from processing -

            same as above (7).

9          Physical range of consequence of propagation of fire -

Sophisticated fire fighting facilities exist, hence effect of major fire will not the felt outside the factory area.

Propagation of fumes, products of decomposition will depend on quantity involved, direction of wind, atmospheric condition, however, it gets diluted below hearmful concentrations very rapidly.

            Equipment failure -

Elaborate scrubbing and neutralisation facilities are provided for likely failure in chlorine system. In case of TMP , with a low odour threshold, smell may be noticed in plant and adjoining areas but there will be no risk of any toxic exposure.

10        Emergency action (within 5 minutes of occurrence ) -

            Inform shift production officer.

            Inform fire station/ security/ duty team leader/ medical center

            Activate on-site emergency management plan. operating crew isolates the source of leakage. emergency crew initiates fire fighting or gas containment actions, company fire tender immediately proceed to the site of emergency. 

11        Emergency action ( within 5 minutes of occurrence) -

            Set up emergency control centre.

            Call municipal fire brigade, if necessary.

            Call out side ambulances, if necessary.

            Alert doctor on call duty from Chiplun.

            Inform local police, local authorities like sarpanch.

            Initiate evacuation, if required.

            Inform higher company management, statutory authorities including Directorate Industrial  Safety and Health - Kolhapur, Medical Inspector of Factories, Mumbai.

            Inform District Collector and health authorities at Ratnagiri and their representative at Khed and Chiplun.   

12        Emergency facilities -

            1          fire fighter water storage.

            2          extensive fire hydrant system with pumps.

            3          fire alarm system, covering whole plant area.

            4          fire tender.

         5          foam trailers

            6          miscellaneous fire fighting accessories.

            7          SCBA sets.

            8          fire jeep- auxiliary equipment vehicle.

            9          fully equipped medical centre with ambulance standby.

            10        police outpost nearby.

            11        doctors on call duty from Chiplun.

Response time -

            Site fire crew/ Fire tender              - within 2 to 5 minutes

            Medical crew/ site ambulance     - same as above

            Emergency crew                             - within 10 minutes

            Police outpost squad                     - Approx. 15 minutes

            Police Chiplun/Khed squad          - Approx 10 minutes

            External Ambulance                        - Approx 45 minutes

            External Fire Brigade                      - Approx. 45 minutes

 

 FACT SHEET No. 2                                                        

1

Factory Identity                     



Location

-M/s EXCEL INDUSTRIES LIMITED D-9 MDC Area, Lote-Parshuram. Tal. Khed, Dist. Ratnagiri

Lote Parshuram, Tal.Khed, Dist.Ratnagiri

2

Contact Personnel from Factory

1. Mr.PV Gagangras, Sr.Works Manager

2. Mr.PG Jawdekar, Manager

3. Mr.SY Patankar, Safety Officer

3

Principal Activity

Manufacturating, storage, loading & Unloading of  Chemicals.

4

Hazardous Chemicals

1. Phenol 2.Chlorine 3.Hcl.4. PCL3, 5.Phosphorous 6. Acetic Acid 7.Acetyl Chloride 8.Trichloro Acetyle Chloride 9.Auxilyl Chloride.

5

Maximum Inventory in tonnes in storage

1.60 Tonnes (Drums) 2. 10 tonnes

3. 50 tonnes                4. 30 tonnes

5. 40 tonnes                6. 48 tonnes

7. 10 tonnes(Carboys) 8. 5 tonnes (Drums)

9. 2 tonnes (Carboys)

6

Maximum inventory in tonnes in process

1. 20 tonnes                2. ----------

3. 5 tonnes                   4. 8 tonnes

5. ---------                   6. 5 tonnes

7. 70 kgs                      8. 100 kgs.

9. 50 kgs.

7.

Consequences of major hazardous from storage

Nil

8

Consequences of major hazards during processing

Chlorine - toxic Gases

9

Physical Range of Consequences

Depends upon the atmospheric conditions & quantity of leakages.

10

Emergency actions (Within 5 minutes of occurance)

Persons Responsibility

1. Residential Supervisor Lote        72334

2. Sr.Works Manager (Chiplun)      52625

3. Manager (Chiplun)                      54424

4. Safety officer (Chiplun)               54424

5. Police station (Khed)                    3333

6. Police station  (Chiplun)             52333

7. Fire Brigade (Chiplun)                   101

8. Ambulance Service (Chiplun)        102

11

Emergency action within 15  minutes of occurrence

As per our disaster control plan

12

Emergency facility/action required

a) Fire fighting

1. Sufficient quantity of water & fire                  extinguishers

2. 5 Nos. of breathing apparatus sets

3. Trained fire squad (I.C.D.U.)

b) Police

1. Telephone service for Khed & Chiplun

2. For maintaining law & Order in emergency

3. To help the nearby people for evacuation

c) Medical Services

1. Medicines required for the treatments (burns, gas inhalation etc.)

13      

Response     Time-minutes

 

 

Fire fighting          Police       Medical Service

Not required   Not required     Immediately

5 minutes           5 minutes           5 minutes

5 minutes           5 minutes           5 minutes



 

FACT SHEET NO. 3

1

Factory Identity Address

HERDILLIA OXIDES & ELECTRONICS LTD. F-1. MIDC, Lote Parshuram Tal.Khed, Dist.Ratnagiri

2

Location Coordinates

North-West - MIDC Area boundary

North-East   - Polycoat Powder plot

South-East   - MIDC’s 40’ Road

South-West  - Bombay-Goa N. Highway

3

Contact personnel from factory

1. Mr.AP Potkar - Gen.Manager (Works)

2. Mr.CR Deshmane - Dy.Gen.Manager

                                      Eng. & Projects

4

Principal Activity

Manufacturing of Magnetic Iron Oxide

5

Hazardous chemicals

Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) used as fuel and reducing gas generated from it.

6

Maximum inventory in tonnes of hazardous chemicals in storage

15 MT

7

Inventory in tonnes in processing system

Less than 1 MT

8

Consequences of major hazards from storage

Fire

9

Consequences of major hazards during processing

Localised Fire

10

Physical range of consequence

Storage                          Manufacturing

local                                local

11

Emergency actions (within 5 minutes of occurrence

1.Notify the Company’s Fire-fighting squad

2. Notify Fire brigade

3. Notify Police

4. Control evacuation

12

Emergency action within

15 minutes of occurrence

Company’s fire fighting squad is well advanced in their fire fighting operations to control the fire.

13

Emergency Facilities/Actions required

1. Fire Fighting

2. Police

3. Medical Services

14

Response time

1. Fire fighting               - 5 to 15 minutes

2. Police                        - 5 to 15 minutes

3. Medical Services      - 5 to 15 minutes



HAZARD ANALYSIS of LPG

Catastrophic rupture of 15000 kg (Bullet) of LPG.

            Quantity of LPG                      15000 kgs.

            Storage Temp.                        38 deg.cent.

            Confined pool area                  595 sq.m.

Source strength

            Initial Flash quantity                                                     3182 kgs

            Total quantity evaporated in 600 secs.                     3250 kgs.

            Rate of evaporation of gas                                          0.113 kgs/sec.

            Emission duration                                                       10 min.

Vapour could fire hazard analysis                      1/2 LFL                        LFL

1. Downwind hazard distance in mtr.                  348                           288

2. Max downwind hazard width in mtr.                278                            231

3. Weight of air borne gas in kgs.                     3250                           3250

4. Type of analysis done                                 Heavy Gas

Vapour cloud explosion analysis

Damage type                                               Distance to centre to cloud

                                                                        Min.(M)            Max.(M)

1. Heavy (0.3 bar)                                           0                      59

2. Repairable (0.1 bar)                                 71                   176

3. Damage to glass (0.03 bar)                  238                  595

4. Crack of windows (0.01 bar)                714                  1784   

 

Fireball/bleve

Since we have 2 bullets, which stores maximum 15 tons in 2 bullets at any given time. LPG presence in 1 bullet does not exceed 8 tonns.

1. Diameter of fireball                                      92 M

2. Duration of fireball                                       7.14 secs.

3. Fatality zone radious (160 KJ/Sq.M)         123 M.

4. Injury zone radious (40 KJ/Sq.M.)                    255

FACT SHEET NO. 4

1

Factory Identity address

MAYA RASAYAN LTD.

B-1/6, MIDC Lote Parshuram, Tal.Khed, Dist.Ratnagiri.

2

Location Coordinates

Opp.Gharda Chemicals Ltd.

3

Contact Personnel from Factory

1. Mr.DS Mahajan, Plant Manager,Tel.72116

2. Mr.C.Balshankar Commercial Administrative Officer.

3.Mr.Rajkumar S.Makharia, Managing     Director, Tel.72116, 6100417.

4

Principal Activity

Manufacturing of

5

Consequence of major hazards from storage fire

Fumes/Heat release/Toxic release

6

Equipment failure

Spillage/toxic release/release of odorous chemicals

7

Consequence of hazards from processing

Same as above

8

Emergency Action within 5 minutes

Inform Shift Production Officer

9

Emergency Action/Facility within 15 minutes of occurrence

Call municipal Fire Brigade if necessary, call out side ambulance if necessary, for any casualty 24 hours round the clock Jeep facility prevail in factory premises. Alert doctor on call duty from Chiplun, Inform local Police, local authorities like Sarpanch.  Necessary medicines and Antidotes are readily available. Inform higher company management, Statutory authorities including factory inspector at Kolhapur and Bombay inspector of factory.

10

Response time

15 minutes

                       

Name of chemicals                  Max. storage             In process               Type of
                                                      quantity                                                        storage

Para Nitro Chloro Benzene          30 MT                          3 MT                HDPE Bags
(PNCB)

Ortho Nitro Chloro Benzene         20 MT                          1.25 MT          HDPE Bags
(ONCB)

Para Nitro Aniline                          15-17 MT                     0.85 MT           HDPE Bags
PNA (crystal)

Ortho Nitro Aniline                       10-15 MT                     1 MT                   HDPE Bags
ONA

Liquid Amonia                              50 KL                           12 KL               M.S.Tank with
                                                                                                                        chill facility

 

FACT SHEET NO. 5

1

Factory Identity    Address

S.R.Drugs PVT.Ltd. Plot No.B-2 & B-3, Lote Parshuram MIDC, Tal.Khed, Dist.Ratnagiri.

2

Location coordinates

On NH-17, 18 KM from Chiplun and 22 km from Khed.

3

Contact Personnel

1. Mr.RN Narvekar , Plant Manager              55

2. Mr.KS Chaudhary, Asstt.Plant Mgr.           54

3. Mr.AR Hodlur,Quality Control Incharge    56

4. Mr.Murad Mukadam,Accountant                55

Comapny’s Telephone No.31 is also attended round the clock.

4

Principal Activity

Manufacturing with Storage loading and unloading.

5

Hazardous Chemicals

1. Benzene               2. Ethyl Alcohol

6

Max. Inventory in tonnes in storage

1. Benzene                9.6

2. Ethyl Alcohol       40

7

Inventory in tonnes in processing

1. Benzene                3.0

2. Ethyl Alcohol       4.0

8

Consequences of major hazards from storage

1. Fire and Explosion Hazard

2. Fire hazards

9

Consequences of major hazards from processing

1. Fire

2. Fire

10

Physical Range of consequences

Storage                        Manufacture

1. 50 m. radius             localised

2. 100 m. radius           localised

11

Emergency Actions (within 15 minutes of occurrence)

1. Benzene is highly toxic and inflamable material.  A small fire can be controlled with the help of CO2 or DCP or foam type extinquisher. All the concerned people in the factory will be informed by the shift in charge. If shift incharge feels that fire may go out of his control, he will order to close the valves in lines on upstream disconnect electric supply and take assistance of NOCIL Fire Tender.

2. Ethyl Alcohol is highly toxic and inflammable material. A small fire can be controlled with the help of CO2 or DCP or foam type fire extinguishers. Shift incharge will inform all concerned people inside the factory about possible emergency.  If the fire goes out of control, all incoming valves to be closed, power supply disconnected and fire fighting to be done with the help of  NOCIL’s Fire Tender.

12

Emergency Action with 5 min. of occurrence.

Extinguish or control the fire with available fire extinguisher.

13

Response Time-minutes

For Benzene and Ethyl Alcohol Hazards

Fire fighting         Police       Medical  Services

Immediate            30 Min.     15 Min.

14

Other Information

Factory is situated in Lote where police help or medical services are not readily available. We will have to depend more on NOCIL for all such help and we request NOCIL to pass on instructions to their concerned personnel to co-operate with neighbouring small industries during hours of their crisis.



 

FACT SHEET NO. 6

1

Factory Identity Address

Pathe Nihon Chemicals Ltd. Plot.B-1/1, Lote Parshuram Industrial Area, Dist.Ratnagiri.

2

Location Co-ordinates

Gunde Phata on Bombay-Goa National Highway

3

Principal Activity

Manufacturing with storage with Loading and Unloading

4

Hazardous Chemicals

1. Sulphur          2. Caustic Lye

5

Maximum Inventory in tonnes in storage

1. Sulphur          -10 MT (Open storage)

2.Caustic Lye-10 MT (M.S.Tank closed               capacity 1700 Ltrs.)

6

Inventory in tonnes in storage

1. Sulphur       - 0.5 MT/Day

2. Caustic Lye - 0.3 MT/Day

7

Consequences of Major Hazards from storage

1. Sulphur - Fire Hazard

8

Consequences of Major Hazards from processing

On inhalation of SO2 the person can suffer suffocation or vomiting sensation.

9

Physical Range of Consequences-

Storage                          Manufacturing

Half  Km.                        Half  Km.

10

Emergency Actions (Within 15 minutes of occurrence)

a. Notify Police

    Phones CPN - 33, Khed-33

b. Notify Fire Brigade

    Phones CPN-30, Khed-24

c. Notify Emergency Ambulance Service

    Phones CPN-30, Khed-137

11

Emergency Actions (within 15 minutes of occurrence)

Notification to Fire Brigade, Emergency Ambulance Services and Medical Services. Before reaching outside emergency services, the factory safety team will start to attend the emergency.

12

Emergency Facilities /Actions  Required

Fire                 Police                   Medical

Fighting                                        Services

Call on  Telephone or through Messenger

13

Response Time

Fire                 Police                   Medical

Fighting                                        Services

                   ------- 30 minutes ----------



 

FACT SHEET NO. 7

1

Factory Identity Address

JUPITOR INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS A-12, MIDC Lote Parshuram Next to NOCIL, Dist.Ratnagiri.

Next to NOCIL.

2

Contact personnel

1.Mr. SG Deshpande, Factory Manager.

3

Principal Activity

Manufacturing with storage with Loading and Unloading

4

Hazardous Chemicals

1. Vinyl Acetate Monomer (VAM)

2. Chlorosulphonic Acid (CSA)

5

Maximum Inventory in Tonnes of storage

1. VAM - 5.0 MT

2. CSA   - 5.0 MT

6

Inventory in tonnes in processing system

1. VAM  - 0.2 MT

2. CSA   - 0.06 MT

7

Consequences of Major Hazards from Storage

1. VAM  - Fire

2. CSA - 0.06 MT

8

Consequences of Major Hazards from processing

------- same as above -------

9

Physical range of Consequences

1. Within factory premises

2. CSA fumes may spread depending on air

     current.

10

Emergency Actions (within 5 minutes of occurrence)

A. Notify Police

B. Notify Fire Brigade

C. Notify Emergency Ambulance Service

D.  Notify Evacuation Squad

11

Emergency Actions (within 15 minutes of occurrence)

Summary of Action Plan as below.

12

Emergency Facilities/ Actions required

Fire                       Police                  Medical

Fighting                Cording                 Services

External                off area &             For

Fire Brigade         alerting                 injuries and

will be                  the vicinity            burn

called with            area people

FOAM

GENERATION

facilities.

13

Response time

Information will be made available on later date.

14

Other information Physical and Chemical

1.  VAM

 

 

2. CSA

 

 

B.P. 73 0 - C, SP, gr. 0, 9354, flash point (-1.1 deg. C), Insoluble in water, soluble in most solvent, flammable limites in air 2.6 to 13.4 %.

B.P. 158 0 - C, SP, Gr.1.76 flash point (-80 deg. C) Decomposes in water to Sulphuric and Hydrogen on contact with most metals corrosive.



 

FACT SHEET NO. 8

1

Factory Identity    Address

 


Location Co-ordinates

BAHAR AGROCHEM AND FEEDS PVT.LTD.

E-24, MIDC, Lote-Parshuram, Tal.Khed, Dist.Ratnagiri.

Next to NOCIL on Bombay-Goa National Highway

2

Contact Personnel

Mr.SS Shere, Factory Manager.

3

Principal Activity

Manufacturing with storage

4

Hazardous Chemicals

Caustic Lye ,  Acetone

5

Maximum Inventory in tonnes in storage

Caustic Lye - 10 tonnes

Acetone       - 10 KL

6

Inventory in tonnes in processing system

Caustic Lye - 60 Kg/Day

Acetone       -  500 Ltr/Day

7

Consequences of Major hazards from storage

Caustic Lye may cause moderate burns if handled barely

Acetone - Fire Hazards

8

Consequences of Major hazards from processing

Fire

9

Physical Range of Consequences

Storage                           Manufacturing

Half Km                          Half Km.

10

Emergency Action (within 5 minutes of occurrence)

NOTIFY                         PHONE NO.

Police                             CPN 33

                                       Khed 33

Fire Brigade                   CPN 30

                                       Khed 24

Emergency Ambulance   CPN 30

                                       Khed 137

11

Emergency Action

Notification to Fire Brigade

Emergency Ambulance services. Before reaching outside emergency services the factory safety team will start to attend the emergency.

FACT SHEET NO. 9

1

Factory Identity   Address

Location Co-ordinates

DECCAN PLASTIC CHEM.LTD.

C-7, 3 MIDC, Kerdi, Chiplun.

Near Kerdi on Chiplun Karad Road.

2

Contact personnel from Factory

Mr. VT Patil, Manager, Tel.Chiplun 224

3

Principal Activity

Manufacturing with storage with loading and unloading

4

Hazardous  Chemicals

Formaldehyde

5

Maximum inventory in tonnes in storage

Formaldehyde - 20 MT in tanks

6

Inventory in tonnes in processing system

Formaldehyde - 600 Kg.

7

Consequences of major hazards from storage

Unpleasant smell and irritation to Eyes.

8

Consequences of major hazards from processing

Same as above

9

Physical Range of Consequences

Storage                               Manufacturing

15-20 m.                            15-20 m.

10

Emergency Action (within 5 Minutes of occurrence)

NOTIFY                             PHONE NO.

Police                                  CPN 33

Fire Brigade                        CPN 30

EM Ambulance Service      CPN 30

Evacuation Squad                ---

11

Emergency Action (within 15 minutes of occurrence) 

Notification to Fire Brigade, Emergency Ambulance Service and Medical Services, the factory safety team will start to attend emergency.

12

Emergency Facilities/ Action Required

Fire Fighting Police Medical Services

Call on Telephone or through messenger.

13

Response time

Fire                  Police              Medical Services

Fighting --------------- 15 minutes ------------------



 

FACT SHEET NO. 10           

1

Factory Identity Address

M/s.DOKARS’ DISTILLERY

Plot No.D-1, MIDC Kherdi, Chiplun, Dist.Ratnagiri

2

Location Co-ordinates

Near M/s. Mahatex Pvt. Ltd.

3

Contact Personnel from factory

Shri SS Vichare

Shri PB Kulkarni

Shri RB Dongle

 

4

Principal Activity

Manufacturing of Indian Made Foreign Liquor Country Liquor

 

5

Hazardous Chemicals

Spirit

 

6

Inventory in tonnes in processing system

Spirit -42,000 Bulk Litres for I. MFC and Country Liquor.

 

7

Consequences of major hazards from storage

 

Fire

8

Consequences of major hazards from processing

 

Fire

9

Physical range of consequences

 

N.A.

10

Emergency Actions (within 5 minutes of occurrence)

NOTIFY                                 PHONE NO.

Police                                     CPN 464

Fire Brigade

Em.Ambulance Service          CPN 464

Evacuation squad                    -----------

 

11

Emergency Actions (within 15 minutes of occurrence)

 

---------------

12

Emergency Facilities/ Action Required

Fire fighting                             Police

Local municipal

Fire Brigade’s help necessary

Medical services, Hospital

Services necessary

13

Response time

Fire fighting            Police        Medical Services

5-10 minutes           ---------       --------------------



 

FACT SHEET NO.11

1

Factory Identity Address

 


Location Co-ordinates

SAF YEAST COMPANY LTD.

C-3,Gane Khadpoli Industrial Area,Tal.Chiplun Dist.Ratnagiri.

On right side while going to Gane.

2

Contact Personnel From the Factory

Mr.RN Patel, General Manager

Mr.PB Thatte, Factory Manager

Mr.SN Khare, Plant Superintendent

3

Principal Activity

Manufacturing Baker’s Yeast

4

Hazardous Chemical

Sulphuric Acid

5

Maximum inventory in tonnes of storage

5 tonnes

6

Inventory in tonnes in processing systems

50 kg.

7

Consequences of major hazards from storage

Corrosion

8

Consequences of major hazards from processing

Corrosion

9

Physical range of Consequences

---------

10

Emergency Actions (within 5 minutes of occurrence)

1. Give first-aid precautions

2. Notify Shift Superintendent

11

Emergency Actions

(within 15 minutes of occurrence)

Refer to doctor

12

Emergency Facilities/ Action required

 

13

Response time

 

FACT SHEET NO. 12

1

Factory Identity Address

 


Location Co-ordinates

KESAR PETROPRODUCTS LTD.

D-7/1, MIDC Lote Parshuram Industrial area, 415722. Dist. Ratnagiri

Lote Parshuram, Dist.Ratnagiri. 

2

Contact Personnel From the Factory

Mr. NG Roy, President      

3

Principal Activity

Manufacturing of Bisphenol-A

4

Hazardous Chemical

Phenol/Acetone

5

Maximum inventory in tonnes of storage

Phenol                        Acetone

400 tonnes                 160 tonnes

6

Inventory in tonnes in processing systems

400 tonnes.

7

Consequences of major hazards from storage

Burns/Fire

8

Consequences of major hazards from processing

Burns    

9

Physical range of Consequences

Storage                      Manufacturing

Tank Farm                 Nearby area of section

10

Emergency Actions (within 5 minutes of occurrence)

Burns                         Fire Alert Contro,

wash with water        Alert Security  Take fire

Give first-aid             fighting equip & operate as

                                  directed.

11

Emergency Actions

(within 15 minutes of occurrence)

Sent to Chiplun           Take help from

for further treatment     nearby industries

if required.

12

Emergency Facilities/ Action required

Dispensary                  Fire Brigade required.

available.                    Fireman available

Male nurse                  Firehydrant system

available                     available

Vehicle available

13

Response time

Fire                            Immediate

Police                        25 minutes

Medical                     Immediate



 

FACT SHEET NO.13

1

Factory Identity Address

 

 

Location Co-ordinates

GHARDA CHEMICALS LIMITED.

D-1/2, MIDC Lote Parshuram, Tal.Khed, Dist. Ratnagiri             

On Bombay-Goa Highway between Herdillia and Pethe Chemicals, turn towards North on 40 m. wide road.  Our factory is situated at the corner of this road and second cross road 30 m. wide road towards East.  This is approx. 4 km. away from NOCIL while coming towards Bombay.

2

Contact Personnel From the Factory

Mr. LP Bhanushali          

Director (Operations)

Phone - 72427 (O)      72257

Mr.DH Mirani, Production Manager

Phone - 72432 (O)

             72421  (R)

3

Principal Activity

Manufacture   of Organic Fire Chemicals, Agro-Chemicals and intermediates.

4

Hazardous Chemical

a. MCA Liquor

b. Acrylonitrile

c. Chlorine

d. Di-Ethyl Thio-Phosphoril

    Chloride (DETC)

e. Methylene Dichloride (MDC)

f. Pyridon

g. Hexane

h. Dimethyl Formide (DMF)

I. Thionyl Chloride

j. Tri Ethyl Amine (TEA)

k. Ammonia

l. Iso Buthylene

m. T.Butanol

n. Carbon Tetra Chloride

o. Di Ethyl Amine (DEA)

p. Iso Propyl Alcohol

q. Chloro Acetyl Chloride

r. Xylene

s. Phosphorous Penta Sulfide

t. Methanol

u. Anilophose

v. Chlorpyrophos

w. Cypermethric Acid Chloride



 

5

Maximum inventory in tonnes of storage

Hazardous Chemicals              Stock in Tonnes

a. MCA Liquor                                    15

b. Acrylonitrile                                    15

c. Chlorine                                          25

d. Di-Ethyl Thio-Phosphoril                20

    Chloride (DETC)

e. Methylene Dichloride (MDC)          15

f. Pyridin                                               4

g. Hexane                                           50

h. Dimethyl Formide (DMF)                 5

I. Thionyl Chloride                             20

j. Tri Ethyl Amine (TEA)                   10

k. Ammonia                                       10

l. Iso Buthylene                                  15

m. T Butanol                                      20

n. Carban Tetra Chloride                    12

o. Di Ethyl Amine (DEA)                     1

p. Iso Propyl Alcohol                         15

q. Chloro Acetyl Chloride                    5

r. Xylene                                            30

s. Phosphorous Penta Sulfide               5

t. Methanol                                        15

u. Anilophose                                   100

v. Chlorpyrophos                                30

w. Cypermethric Acid Chloride           30

6

Inventory in tonnes in processing systems

Hazardous Chemicals            Stock in tonnes

a. MCA Liquor                                    3

b. Acrylonitrile                                     6

c. Chlorine                                           --

d. Di-Ethyl Thio-Phosphoril                 1

    Chloride (DETC)

e. Methylene Dichloride (MDC)          3

f. Pyridin                                              0.5

g. Hexane                                           20

h. Dimethyl Formide (DMF)                1

I. Thionyl Chloride                                8

j. Tri Ethyl Amine (TEA)                      8

k. Ammonia                                          3

l. Iso Bythulene                                     3

m. T.Butanol                                         3

n. Carban Tetra Chloride                       8

o. Di Ethyl Amine (DEA)                      7

p. Iso Propyl Alcohol                             2

q. Chloro Acetyl Chloride                      8

r. Xylene                                                2

s. Phosphorous Penta Sulfide                 --

t. Methaol                                               3

u. Anilophose                                        12

v. Chloropyrophos                                 12

w. Cypermethric Acid Chloride             15

7

Consequences of major hazards from storage

Fumes Release /Heat Realease/Toxic

8

Tank Collapse/Equipment Failure

Spillage/Toxic Release/Rease of odorous Chem.

9

Consequences of major hazards from processing

Same as above

10

Physical range of Consequences propogation

Sophisticated Fire fighting facilities exists, hence effect of major fire will not be felt outside the factory area.  Propogation of fumes/products of decomposition will depend on quality involved, direction of wind, atmospheric conditions, however gets diluted below harmful concentrations very rapidly.

11

Equipment failure

Elaborate scrubbing and neutralisation facilities are provided for likely failure in HCL, SO2, H2S, Nhs, Chlorine systems.  In case of Anilphos be noticed in plant and adjoing area, but there will be no risk of any toxic exposure.

12

Emergency Action (Within 5 minutes of occurrence)

Information Shift Production Officer/Emergency Management Team. Accurate nearest alarm point Inform Secutiry/ Main controller/ Safety Department/Occupational Health Centre.  Activate onside emergency plan operating people, isolate source of leakage, fire fighting team initiates fire fighting or gas containment action.  First Aid and ambulance immediately proceed to site of emergency.

13

Emergency Action within 15 minutes of occurrence

Organise Emergency Control Call Municipal Fire Brigade call outside ambulance Alert Doctors on call duty from Chiplun/ Lote.  Inform local police, local authority like Sarpanch initiate evacuation, if required.  Inform higher company management.  Statutory authorities including factory inspector at Kolhapur and bombay inspector of factory inform District Collector and Health Authorities at Ratnagiri and Representative at Khed and Chiplun.



 

Emergency Facilities

            1.         Extensive Fire Hydrant system with pumps.

            2.         Fire water storage tanks of 1100 m3.

            3.         Fire alarm system covering whole plant area

            4.         Foam monitors

            5.         Self-contained breathing apparatus (18 sets)

            6.         Miscellaneous fire fighting accessaries.

            7          Fully equiped occupational Health Centre with ambulance standby.

            8.         Police outpost nearby at Lote.

            9          Doctors on call duty from Chiplun.

            10.       Public Address System.

            11.       3 buses, 2 jeeps, 2 cars.

            12.       3 wind cocks.

            13.       Gas Monitors

            14.       Other facilities in occupational Health Centre

                                    1 Medical Officer

                                    1 Lab Technician

                                    Air conditioned I.C.U. with 8 beds.

                                    Recovery room with 6 beds.

                                    32 Oxygen cylinders

                                    Antidotes - Cyanide Antidote Kit

                                                       Methylene Blue

                                                       Pam

                                                       Atropine

                                    1 Ambulance

                                    3 Intercoms

                                    1 P & T Unit

                                    Pathological laboratory.

Response Time

                        Site Fire Fighting Team -           within 2-5 minutes

                        First aid team                          -           same as above

                        Site Ambulance                        -           within 5-10 minutes

                        Evacuation Team

                        Police

                        Outpost Squad                        -            Approx.15 minutes

                                                                                    (No phones available)

                        Chiplun/Khed squad              -            Approx.30 minutes

                        External Ambulance                -            Approx. 45 minutes

                        External Fire Brigade              -            Approx.45 minutes

FACT SHEET NO.14

1.

Factory Identity


Address

M/s. FINOLEX INDUSTRIES LIMITED, PVC RESIN COMPLEX.

Ratnagiri - Pawas Road,

Ranpar -Gholap,

Ratnagiri 415616

2.

Location Co-ordinates

Off Bombay-Goa Highway (NH-17) 23 Km from Hatkhamba, 10 Km south of Ratnagiri City 5 km north of Pawas Town.



 

Contact Personnel from Factory

Sr.No.

Name of the Person

Designation

Address and Telephone

1.

Mr K Thirumalai

President (O)

Finolex Hsg.Colony, MIDC Zadgaon Block, Ratnagiri 415639.02352-38027-31 (O)

2.

Mr.JS Arora

Sr.Vice President(O)

02352-23706, 22110, 22215 (R)

Principal Activity : Manufacturing of various grades of PVC

Hazardous Chemicals (storage) :

Sr.No.

Name of the Chemical with formula

Maximum Capacity

Mode of storage

1.

Ethylene  di-Chloride (EDC) C2C12

40,000 MT

Atmospheric tanks

2

Vinyl chloride Monomer (VCM) C2H3C1

1,500 MT

Spheres

3

Liq. Petroleum Gas (LPG) C3H8 + C4H10

42 MT

Bullet

4

Ethylene    C2

11,000 MT

Atmospheric tank

5.

Chlorine    C12

16 MT

Tonners

6

Hydrogen   H2

110 NM3

LPG Gas holder

Inventory in processing system

Sr.No.

Name of the Chemical with formula

 

Maximum capacity in tonnes

Mode of Container process

1

HCL (100%)

HCL

25 MT

Buffer Vessel

2

LPG

---

Nil

-------

3

VCM

C2H3C1

150 MT (Approx)

Vessel & Dist.Column

4

EDC

C2C12

200 MT (Approx.)

Vessel & Dist.Column

5

Chlorine

C12

Nil

 

6

Ethylene

C2

Small quantity

Pipeline

7

Hydrogen

H2

Small quantity

Pipeline

 

8

Probable Major Hazard from storage

Fumes/Heat realease/toxic release

9

Probable major hazard from processing

Fumes/heat release/toxic release

10

Physical range of propogation of each probable hazard from storage and processing

Sophisticated fire fighting facilities exists hence effect of major fire will not be felt outside factory area. Propagation of fumes/products of decomposition will depend on quality involved, direction of wind, atmospheric conditions, however gets diluted below harmful concentrations very rapidly.

11

Equipment failure

Elaborate scrubing and neutralisation facilities are provided for likely failure in chlorine system high velocity waterspray and Hcl detectors are provided for HCl drum therefore there will no risk of any toxic exposure.

12

Emergency action within 5 minutes of occurrence

Inform shift incharge.  Actuate nearest fire alarm point. inform fire station/security emergency leader.medical centre, actuate on-site emergency plan (operating crew isolates source of leakage, emergency crew initiates fire fighting or gas contaminet action. Company fire engine cum foam tender and ambulance immediately proceed to site of emergency).

13

Emergency action within 15 minutes of occurrence

Call city fire brigade, if necessary, call outside ambulance alert doctor on call duty from Ratnagiri, inform local police local authority like Sarpanch. Initiate evacuation, if required. Inform higher company management, statutory authorities including factory inspector at Kolhapur and Bombay Inform District Collector and Health Authorities at Ratnagiri.



 

Emergency facilities available with their response time

Sr.No

Facility

Response time

1

Extensive fire hydrant system with pumps.

1 minute for delegue valve

2

Fire water storage

--------

3

Fire Alarm system covering whole plant area

within 30 seconds

4

Fire engines (2 Nos.)

within 2-5 seconds

5

Foam Trailer

within 2-5 seconds

6

Auxilary equipment vehicle (Jeep)

within 2-5 seconds

7

Self-contained Breathing apparatus

within 2-5 seconds

8

Misc. Fire fighting accessaries

within 2-5 seconds

9

Fully equipped medical centre with ambulance standby

within 2-5 seconds

10

Emergency crew

within 10 seconds

Emergency facilities available in the vicinity with their response time

Sr.No

Facility

Response time

1

Police outpost nearby

Approx.60 minutes

2

Doctors on call duty from Ratnagiri

Approx. 60 minutes

3

External Fire Brigade

Approx 30 minutes

Any other useful Information The Plant is commissioned and commercial production started since April 1994.

 

Annexure III  Fire and Gas Leakage prone Factories

List of factories having Fire Risk

Sr. No.

Taluka

Address

1

RATNAGIRI

Finolex Industries Ltd.,

 

 

Ranpar, Pawas Road, Ratnagiri.

 

 

 

 

 

Parkar Ampules,

 

 

B - 51, MIDC, Mirjole, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

2

CHIPLUN

Deokar’s Distillery,

 

 

D - 1, MIDC, Kherdi - Chiplun

 

 

 

 

 

Three - M - Paper Mfg. Co-op. Ltd.,

 

 

Plot No. F-1, MIDC, Kherdi

 

 

 

 

 

Malti Firms Pvt. Ltd.,

 

 

C-11, MIDC, Kherdi

 

 

 

 

 

Glass Ampules ( I ) Ltd.,

 

 

B - 6 - 8, MIDC, Gane Khadpoli

 

 

 

 

 

Swastik Industries

 

 

MIDC, Kherdi

 

 

 

3

KHED

Towds India Exports Pvt. Ltd.,

 

 

E - 26, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Kesar Petro Products

 

 

D - 7 / 1, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Petntokey Organic ( I ) Ltd.,

 

 

D - 1, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Shree Organic Chemicals

 

 

B - 13, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Bahar Agro - chem & Feeds Pvt. Ltd.,

 

 

E - 24, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Excell Industries Ltd.,

 

 

Plot No. 9, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Gharda Chemical Ltd.,

 

 

Plot No. D - 1 / 2, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Maharashtra Insecticides Ltd.,

 

 

F - 4, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

Ray International Pvt. Ltd.,

 

 

D - 18, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Schhenectedy Chemicals ( I ) Ltd.,

 

 

D - 1 / 3, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Serene Dyestuffe Industries Ltd.,

 

 

B - , MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Riverside Chemicals & Pharma Pvt. Ltd.

 

 

B-6, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Indian Oxiate Ltd.,

 

 

B - 2, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

De - Nocil Crope Protection Ltd.,

 

 

A - 1, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

H. B. L. Plastics Ltd.,

 

 

E -10, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Mhal Plastics & Fibers Pvt. Ltd.,

 

 

E - 9, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Maharashtra Esthers & Ketones Pvt. Ltd.,

 

 

B - 52/2, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Sulaki Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.,

 

 

C - 33, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Amarjay Chemicals

 

 

D - 12/1, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Kamal Organic Chemicals

 

 

E - 3, MIDC, Lote Parshuram



 

Factories having risk of Gas Leakage

Sr. No.

Taluka

Address

1

RATNAGIRI

Shaskiya Dudh Yojana

 

 

B - 21, MIDC, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Naik Sea Foods Pvt. Ltd.,

 

 

Peth Killa, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

M. D. Naik Industries

 

 

Peth Killa, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Gadre Marine Exports

 

 

Mirkarwada, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Kazi Fisheries & Canned Foods

 

 

Pawas, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Ratnagiri Zilla Machhimar Sah. Sangh Ltd.,

 

 

Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Ratna Sea Foods

 

 

Karla, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Hanjar Ice & Cold Storage

 

 

Plot No. 169, Bhogwati Bandar Rd., Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

H. D. Naik Industries

 

 

Ice Plant & Cold Storage, Peth Killa, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Naik Ice Factory

 

 

Peth Killa, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Nooman Ice & Cold Storage

 

 

Plot No. 43/44, Udyamnagar, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Naik Ice & Cold Storage

 

 

A – 126, Peth Killa Rd., Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Saga Ice & Cold Storage

 

 

Karla, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Henkel Chemicals ( I ) Ltd.,

 

 

D - 1, MIDC, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Finolex Industries Ltd.,

 

 

Ranpar, Pawas Rd., Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Coastal Ice Factory

 

 

Lower Lane, Ratnagiri

 

 

Ratna Ice & Cold

 

 

Karla, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Ratna Ice Factory

 

 

A -32 / 1, MIDC, Mirjole, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Shankar mahadeo Ice Factory

 

 

Peth Killa, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Shaik Ice & Cold Factory

 

 

460, Rajiwada, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

 

 

Shri Ram Ice Factory

 

 

843,Peth Killa, Ratnagiri

 

 

 

2

CHIPLUN

Central Dairy

 

 

Chiplun, MIDC, Kherdi

 

 

 

 

 

Shri Anant Ice Factory

 

 

Karad Road, Chiplun

 

 

 

3

KHED

K. B. Ice Factory

 

 

B - 113 / 2, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Shreyas Intermediates Ltd.,

 

 

D - 22, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Excel Industries Ltd.,

 

 

MIDC Area, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Gharda Chemicals Ltd.,

 

 

D - , MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

De-Nocil Crop. Protection Ltd.,

 

 

A - 1, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Sulaki Chemicals Ld.,

 

 

C - 33, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

O. K. Ice Plant & Cold Storage

 

 

Services, B - 70/4, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

 

 

Shri Ganesh Ice Factory

 

 

B - 69, MIDC, Lote Parshuram

 

 

 

4

LANJA

Govt. Milk Scheme

 

 

Lanja

 

 

 

 

 

Ratnagiri Dairy Products

 

 

R. S. No. 495, Kuwe

 

 

 

5

SANGMESHWAR

Govt. Milk Scheme, Chilling Centre, Sadawadi



Annexure IV Rainfall Monitoring Stations (Irrigation and Revenue Depts.)

A) Irrigation Department

 

Sr. No.

Name of Station

Taluka

Basin

Sub - Basin

 

 

 

 

 

1

ADARE

CHIPLUN

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

2

ADIVARE

RAJAPUR

KODAVALI

KODAVALI

3

AMBATKHOL

CHIPLUN

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

4

ASGA

LANJA

KAJVI

KAJVI

5

ASURDE

CHIPLUN

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

6

BAREVADI

RAJAPUR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

7

BENI

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

8

BENI (BK)

LANJA

KAJVI

KAJVI

9

BERODEVADI

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

10

BHARANE

KHED

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

11

BHINGLOLI

MANDANGAD

VASHISHTHI

VASHISHTHI

12

BIRMANI

KHED

BHARJA

BHARJA

13

CHAPHERI-KASARI

RATNAGIRI

VASHISHTHI

VASHISHTHI

14

CHATAV

KHED

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

15

CHINCHALI

MANDANGAD

VASHISHTHI

VASHISHTHI

16

CHIPLUN

CHIPLUN

BHARJA

BHARJA

17

CPN (PIMPLI)

CHIPLUN

VASHISHTHI

VASHISHTHI

18

DABHOL

DAPOLI

VASHISHTHI

VASHISHTHI

19

DEVALE

SANGMESHWAR

VASHISHTHI

VASHISHTHI

20

DEVGHAR

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

21

DEVALE

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

22

DIWALVADI

RAJAPUR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

23

GAVANE

LANJA

KODAVALI

KODAVALI

24

GOPALVADI

RAJAPUR

KAJVI

KAJVI

25

GOTHANE

SANGMESHWAR

KODVALI

KODVALI

26

GAVANE

CHIPLUN

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

27

GOVALKOT

GUHAGAR

VASHISHTHI

VASHISHTHI

28

GUHAGAR

GUHAGAR

VASHISHTHI

VASHISHTHI

29

GULVANE

CHIPLUN

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

30

HARACHERI

RATNAGIRI

KAJVI

KAJVI

31

HARDAKHALA

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

32

HARDAKHALA

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

33

HEDVI

GUHAGAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

34

KADAVAI

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

35

KAKEYWADI

RAJAPUR

WAGHOTAN

WAGHOTAN

36

KALVANDE

CHIPLUN

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

37

KARAK

RAJAPUR

KODAVALI

KODAVALI

38

KARMBAVANE

CHIPLUN

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

39

KASHEDI

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

40

KASHELI

RAJAPUR

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

 


Sr. No.

Name of Station

Taluka

Basin

Sub - Basin

41

KELAMBA

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

42

KHERAVSE

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

43

KINJALE

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

44

KOLAMBA

RAJAPUR

KODAVALI

KODAVALI

45

KOLTHARE

DAPOLI

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

46

KONDIVALI

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

47

KONDIVARE

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

48

KUCHAMBE

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

49

KUDUP

CHIPLUN

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

50

KURDHUNDA

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

51

LAJUL

RATNAGIRI

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

52

LATWAN

MANDANGAD

BHARAJA

BHARAJA

53

LAVEL

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

54

MALGHAR

CHIPLUN

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

55

MALGUND

RATNAGIRI

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

56

MARAL

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

57

MIRAVANE

CHIPLUN

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

58

MIRYA

RATNAGIRI

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

59

NANDIVASE

CHIPLUN

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

60

NATUVADI (DAM)

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

61

NINAVE

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

62

NIVE (BK)

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

63

PANCHANADI

DAPOLI

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

64

PANERI

MANDANGAD

BHARAJA

BHARAJA

65

PASTEWADI

SANGMESHWAR

KAJVI

KAJVI

66

PAWARWADI

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

67

PAWAS

RATNAGIRI

KAJVI

KAJVI

68

PHANASWADI

CHIPLUN

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

69

PIMPALWADI

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

70

PIMPAR

GUHAGAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

71

POYNAR

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

72

PRABHANWALLI

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

73

RAYPATAN

RAJAPUR

KODAVALI

KODAVALI

74

SALGAON

RAJAPUR

KODAVALI

KODAVALI

75

SANGAVE

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

76

SANGLAT

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

77

SHIRGAON

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

78

SHIRVALI

KHED

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

79

SOLIVADE

RAJAPUR

KODAVALI

KODAVALI

80

SONDEGHAR

DAPOLI

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

81

TALSAR

CHIPLUN

VASHISTHI

VASHISTHI

82

TALEWADI

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

83

VANJOLE (KHU)

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

84

VASHI (COLONY)

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

85

VASHI - SHEREVADI

SANGMESHWAR

SHASTRI

SHASTRI

86

VHEL

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

87

VILVADE

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI

88

YERDAV

RAJAPUR

KODAVALI

KODAVALI

89

ZAPADE

LANJA

MUCHKUNDI

MUCHKUNDI



 

b) Revenue Department, Ratnagiri

Sr. No.

Name of the Taluka

Location of the Rainfall Monitoring Station

1

Mandangad

At Mandangad

2

Dapoli

At Dapoli

3

Khed

At Khed

4

Chiplun

At Chiplun

5

Guhagar

At Guhagar

6

Sangmeshwar

At Sangmeshwar

7

Ratnagiri

At Ratnagiri

8

Lanja

At Lanja

9

Rajpur

At Rajpur

 

Annexure V  Talukawise Rainfall Stations in Ratnagiri District - (pdf)

Annexure VI Annual Rainfall Statistics for Ratnagiri District

Information about annual Rainfall since 1987 to 1996 in Ratnagiri District (in mm.)

Year-1987

Taluka

June

July

August

September

October

Total

Mandagad

  605

  1288

  854

  262

  168

3177

Dapoli

960.0

1154.0

961.0

244.0

4443.0

7762

Khed

655.0

1371.0

880.0

261.0

346.0

3513

Guhagar

539.0

663.0

669.0

162.0

211.0

2244

Chiplun

568.0

1146.0

798.0

200.0

270.0

2982

Sangmeshwa

657.0

1198.0

1113.0

247.0

226.0

3441

Ratnagiri

866.0

958.0

1103.5

248.2

265.3

3441

Lanja

695.0

1047.0

1085.0

246.0

290.3

3363

Rajapur

978.0

1131.0

993.0

   52.0

286.0

3440

Total

6523.0

9956.0

8456.5

1922.2

6505.6

33363



 

 Year - 1988

Taluka

June

July

August

September

October

Total

Mandagad

  698.0

1749.0

769.0

939.0

 77.0

4232.0

Dapoli

824.0

1539.0

636.3

1212.7

 19.0

4231.0

Khed

494.0  

1827.0

804.0

225.0

 73.0

3115.0

Guhagar

808.0

1426.0

582.0

203.0

243.0

3262.0

Chiplun

970.0

1059.0

730.0

356.0

101.0

3216.0

Sangmeshwa

1136.0

1194.0

824.0

341.0

136.0

3631.0

Ratnagiri

1350.7

1184.9

513.1

340.9

114.6

3504.2

Lanja

1275.0

1190.0

659.0

283.0

  77.0

3484.0

Rajapur

1425.0

1042.0

664.0

214.0

 58.0

3403.0

Total

9739.7

10758.9

6514.1

2409.9

1012.6

30435.2

  Year 1990

Taluka

June

July

August

September

October

Total

Mandagad

1309.0

1457.0

1648.0

403.0

240.0

5057.0

Dapoli

973.0

939.0

1956.0

661.0

5009.6

9539.0

Khed

1006.0 

1130.0

1219.0

134.0

     8.0

3540.5

Guhagar

275.0

1555.0

1012.0

146.0

--

2988.0

Chiplun

789.0

1987.0

771.0

  96.0

   43.0

3686.0

Sangmeshwa

1341.0

1731.0

871.0

195.5

   28.0

4166.5

Ratnagiri

795.0

1380.0

642.0

130.2

   27.1

2974.3

Lanja

697.0

1704.0

772.0

113.1

   60.0

3346.1

Rajapur

1065.0

2072.0

1058.0

  94.0

102.5

4391.5

Total

8155.8

16161.2

7220.3

1039.7

274.0

32851.

 Year - 1992

Taluka

June

July

August

September

October

Total

Mandagad

352.0

1182.0

1838.0

408.0

55.0

3835.0

Dapoli

311.0

1079.1

1233.5

259.4

73.0

2956.0

Khed

345.5

847.5

1400.0

611.0

195.5

4220.0

Guhagar

710.2

1550.8

977.0

610.6

157.0

4006.4

Chiplun

783.0

1770.0

989.0

585.0

460.0

4587.0

Sangmeshwa

677.0

1605.0

1312.0

636.0

388.0

4618.0

Ratnagiri

893.8

1447.6

589.0

526.5

140.6

3597.5

Lanja

807.0

1884.0

726.0

483.0

267.0

4167.0

Rajapur

802.0

1973.0

1077.0

771.0

353.0

4976.0

Total

7135.4

15874.3

8529.0

5776.2

2301.6

39616.

 Year - 1994

Taluka

June

July

August

September

October

Total

Mandagad

1189.0

1829.0

723.0

667.0

179.0

4587.0

Dapoli

675.6

983.8

538.0

626.0

 81.4

2904.8

Khed

1179.0

1708.0

850.0

641.0

324.0

3616.0

Guhagar

492.0

817.0

543.0

771.0

243.0

2866.0

Chiplun

430.0

1391.0

745.0

615.0

463.0

3644.0

Sangmeshwa

380.00

1521.0

811.0

794.0

350.0

3856.0

Ratnagiri

417.2

1194.3

793.3

357.2

188.0

2950.0

Lanja

326.0

1302.0

630.0

495.0

244.0

2997.0

Rajapur

619.00

2016.0

1290.0

588.0

343.0

4856.5

Total

3759.7

12300.2

6929.2

5244.1

2681.2

30914.



 

 Year - 1996

Taluka

June

July

August

September

October

Total

Mandagad

472.0

1857.1

7497.7

215.2

250.0

10292.0

Dapoli

461.0

1533.2

619.5

365.2

171.5

3151.1

Khed

361.0

1539.0

584.0

321.0

198.0

3003.0

Guhagar

514.0

1508.0

678.0

366.0

155.0

3221.0

Chiplun

446.0

1345.0

891.0

259.0

241.0

3182.0

Sangmeshwa

491.00

1344.0

731.0

341.0

344.0

3251.0

Ratnagiri

813.2

1289.3

681.0

227.4

259.0

3270.8

Lanja

579.0

1431.0

620.0

182.0

281.0

3093.0

Rajapur

850.0

1430.5

682.0

158.0

312.0

3433.0

Total

4988.4

13277.1

12984.2

2434.8

2212.4

35896.

Annexure VII : Primary Health Centres in Ratnagiri District

Name of Taluka

Name of Primary Health Centre

Name of Taluka

Name of Primary Health Centre

Ratnagiri

1.      Kotavada

Rajapur

1.      Raipatan

 

2.      Malgund

 

2.      Javalthar

 

3.      Watad

 

3.      Fufere

 

4.      Jakadevi

 

4.      Oni

 

5.      Pawas

 

5.      Jaitapur

 

6.      Chanderai

 

6.      Kumbhawade

 

7.      Khanu

 

7.      Solgaon

 

8.      Hatkhanba

 

8.      Dhartale

 

 

 

9.      Kelavali

Sangmeshwar

1.      Makhjan

 

 

 

2.      Kadwai

Khed

1.      Tale

 

3.      Sangmeshwar

 

2.      Koregaon

 

4.      Nayri

 

3.      Furus

 

5.      Fungus

 

4.      Ambavali

 

6.      Dhamapur

 

5.      Wave

 

7.      Sakhrps

 

6.      Lote

 

8.      Deorukh

 

7.      Shiv Bdk.

 

9.      Sayale

 

8.      Tisangi

 

10.  Devale

 

 

 

11.  Burambi

Chiplun

1.      Rampur

 

 

 

2.      Kapare

Lanja

1.      Bhambed

 

3.      Kharavate

 

2.      Lanja

 

4.      Dadar

 

3.      Wadi Limbu

 

5.      Shirgaon

 

4.      Javde

 

6.      Adare

 

5.      Shiposhi

 

7.      Savarde

 

 

 

8.      Furus

Guhagar

1.      Abloli

 

 

 

2.      Bhatgao

Dapoli

1.      Anjarle

 

3.      Hedvi

 

2.      Kelshi

 

4.      Telvali

 

3.      Asud

 

5.      Guhagar

 

4.      Dabhol

 

 

 

5.      Umbarle

Mandangad

1.      Mandangad

 

6.      Sakhloli

 

2.      Kumbale

 

7.      Phansu

 

3.      Devhare

 

8.      Pisai

 

Annexure VIII : List of Major Highways

Sr.no.

Name of the Road

Category of the Road

1

Mirya Ratnagiri Kolhapur Road

Major State Road no. 3

2

Revas to Reddi ( Bankot to Bakale) Coastal Highway

Major State Road no. 4

3

Bankot Mandangad Mhapral Bhor Pandharpur Road

State Highway no. 70

4

Guhagar Chiplun Karad Jet Road

State Highway no. 78

5

Govalkot Chiplun Road

State Highway no. 79

6

Mahad, Latwan, Visapur Palgad, Dapoli, Dabhol Road

State Highway no. 97

7

Purar Mhapral, Mandangad Visapur Palghar, Sakhroli Khed Road.

State Highway no. 100

8

Mandangad, Naroli Palavani, Kherdi Dapoli Road

State Highway no. 102

9

Anjarla Kadivali Awashi Gharadi Dahagaon Road

State Highway no. 103

10

Dapoli Wakavali Sakharoli Khed (Bharana) Road

State Highway no. 104

11

Sawarda Murtavade Khodade Abloli Masu Jambhari Padave Tavsal Road

State Highway no. 105

12

Jaigad Nivali Road

State Highway no. 106

13

Sangmeshwar Devrukh Sakharpa Road

State Highway no. 107

14

Ratnagiri Harcheri Devadhe ( inclusive of Kuvarbao fork ) Road

State Highway no. 108

15

Pawas Nirul Chandor Punas Devadhe Road

State Highway no. 109

16

Dabhol Lanja Satavali Rajapur Road

State Highway no. 110

17

Vithapeth Malkapur Anaskura Oni Satavali Pawas Road

State Highway no. 111

18

Musakaji Rajapur Road

State Highway no. 112

19

Hativale Jaitpur Road

State Highway no. 113

20

Kharepatan Tithavali Road

State Highway no. 114

 

Annexure IX : List of Major Bridges on Konkan Railway

Sr.No

Bridge No.

Kms. From Roha

Description  of Bridge

Name

1

S 610

198.198

6 x 20 . 2x 14.29 M ( P S C

GIRDER, T - BEAM & SLAB )

Khedshi Setu No. 1

2

S 611

198.577

2 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Khedshi Setu No. 2

3

S 613

200.480

7 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Mahalaxmi Setu

4

S 615

201.280

2 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Khedshi Setu No. 3

5

S 624

200.707

17 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Kubar Bav Setu No. 1

6

S 625

207.300

4 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Kubar Bav Setu No. 2

7

S 626

209.515

10 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Pomendi Setu

8

S 627

211.300

2 x 30 x 9 x 40 M PSC BOX GIRDER

Panval Setu

9

S 628

216.000

9 x 20 M PSC GRIDER 1 x 14.29M T-BEAM & SLAB

Kondvi Setu No. 1

10

S 632

217.070

10 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Kondvi Setu No. 2

11

S 635

220.396

2 x 7.5 * 4 x 10 M RCC BEAM & SLAB

Nivsar Pul

12

S 643

223.411

2 x 75 * 6 x 10 M RCC BEAM & SLAB

Math Pul

13

S 645

225.408

2 x 75 * 3 x 10 M RCC BEAM & SLAB

Anjanari Pul

14

S 648

227.048

2 x 6.2 x 8. 1 x 36.1 x 8 M STIFFENED ARCH

Nandivali Pul

15

S 657

232.000

6 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Kajli Pul

16

S 680

244.555

2 x 7.5 * 7 x 10 M RCC BEAM & SLAB

Berdewadi Pul

17

S 686

247.700

5 x 20 M PSC GIRDER 1 x 6 M RL SLAB

Muchkundi Pul

18

S 689

250.838

3 x 6 M MULTICELL

Bibvade Pul

19

S 701

261.186

6 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Karveli Pul

20

S 709

265.176

2 x 9 * 4 x 12 M RCC BEAM & SLAB

Jambhavli Pul

21

S 714

269.336

2 x 7.5 * 6 x 10 M RCC BEAM & SLAB

Govabvadi Pul

22

S 729

275.000

6 x 20 M PSC GIRDER

Vaghotan Pul

Annexure X : Koyna Hydroelectric Project

The Koyana Hydro Electric Project is situated in Maharashtra State on Koyana river near Helwak about 241.35 km ( 150 Mails ) south east of Mumbai and about 200 km from Pune along Pune - Umbraj - Malharpeth - Patan - Chiplun road.

Koyana Hydro Electric Project is divided in 4 stages. Details are as below …

Pophali Hydro Power Station

            Stage - I           :           4 Units of 65 MW each.

           Stage - II          :           4 Units of 75 MW each.

Alore Hydro Power Station

            Stage - III         :           4 Units of 80 MW each.

            Stage - IV        :            Under construction stage by Govt. of Maharashtra

                                                Irrigation Department. 4 Units of 250 MW each.

 Maps of the project enclosed.

 

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